What is the Baroda Dynamite Case?

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May 9, 2024

What is the Baroda Dynamite Case?

The Baroda Dynamite Case was a controversial criminal case filed by the Indira Gandhi government during the Emergency in India (1975-1977). Here’s a breakdown of the key points:

  • Accused: Socialist leader George Fernandes and 24 others.
  • Charges: Smuggling explosives (dynamite) to target government establishments and railway tracks.
  • Motive (alleged): Protesting against the state of emergency and attempting to overthrow the government.
  • Charges by CBI: Waging war against the state.

The case became a symbol of opposition to the Indira Gandhi government’s authoritarian rule during the Emergency. Here are some additional details:

  • Discovery of Explosives: Police found explosives in Vadodara (formerly Baroda) in 1976.
  • Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI): Took over the investigation and charged Fernandes and others.
  • Accusations: The government claimed the accused planned to use the explosives to create chaos and disrupt communication.
  • Defense Arguments: Fernandes and others denied the charges, claiming the case was politically motivated.


  • The case dragged on for years, but ultimately no conclusive evidence of a planned overthrow was found.
  • The charges against Fernandes were eventually dropped.


  • The Baroda Dynamite Case remains a contested episode in Indian history.
  • It highlights the suppression of dissent during the Emergency and the targeting of political opponents.


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What is the Baroda Dynamite Case? | Vaid ICS Institute