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About Exam

Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission (UPPSC) conducts the Uttar Pradesh Provincial Civil Services (UPPCS) examination.

The Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission (UPPSC) conducts various examinations to recruit candidates for different services in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The UPPSC is responsible for selecting eligible candidates for civil services and other administrative posts.

Here are some of the services that come under the UPPCS examination:

1. Deputy Collector
2. Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) – Police Services
3. Block Development Officer (BDO)
4. Assistant Regional Transport Officer (ARTO)
5. Nayab Tehsildar
6. Range Forest Officer (RFO)
7. Commercial Tax Officer (CTO)
8. Treasury Officer/Accounts Officer (Treasury and Accounts Service)
9. Sub Registrar
10. District Audit Officer
11. Etc.

This list is indicative, and the availability of specific services may be subject to changes by the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission. Aspirants are encouraged to refer to the official notification and guidelines provided by the UPPSC for the most accurate and updated information on the services offered through the UPPCS examination.

Exam Stages

There are 3 stages in the UPPSC-PCS Civil Services Exam:

  • Preliminary Exam (Objective Test)
  • Main Exam (Written Test)
  • Personality Test (Interview)

The marks of the Preliminary Exam are not counted for the final ranking. Prelims is a screening test to select the candidates for the Main Exam. A candidate’s final rank in the civil services exam depends only on the mark scored in the Main exam and Interview.

Exam Pattern

Sr No

Name of Paper

No. of Questions




General Studies – I



2 Hours


General Studies – II (CSAT)



2 Hours

  • The negative marking for incorrect answers will be 1/3rd (0.66) of the allotted marks of that question.
  • The GS Paper II (CSAT) in IAS exam is of qualifying nature and candidates should score a minimum of 33% in this paper to qualify to the next stage of the IAS exam i.e. the Mains.
  • The marks scored by the candidates in the preliminary examination are not counted for the final score. It is only a screening test where candidates not securing the cut-off marks are eliminated.
Sr No.

Exam Paper

Name of the Paper





Paper – I

General Hindi


3 Hours

150 Marks


Paper – II


3 Hours

150 Marks


Paper – III

General Studies – I

3 Hours

200 Marks


Paper – IV

General Studies – II

3 Hours

200 Marks


Paper – V

General Studies – III

3 Hours

200 Marks


Paper – VI

General Studies – IV

3 Hours

200 Marks


Paper – VII

General Studies – V

3 Hours

200 Marks


Paper – VIII

General Studies – VI

3 Hours

200 Marks


Total Marks


1500 Marks



Interview or Personality Test

100 Marks



Grand Total

1600 Marks


  • General Studies-I consist: (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)
  • General Studies-II consist: (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations)
  • General Studies-III consist: (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
  • General Studies-IV consist: (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
  • General Studies-V consist: (UP Special Paper)
  • General Studies-VI consist: (UP Special Paper)
  • The candidates can select their medium of writing the Mains Exam as Hindi or English or any other language listed in the 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution.
  • The candidates who score above the prescribed cut-off marks in the PCS exam (Mains) will get the summons for the Personality Test (last stage of the PCS exam).
  • The final ranking of the candidates is on the basis of the marks obtained by them in the Main Examination and Personality Test/Interview Round of the PCS exam.

Candidates who clear the Mains stage of the PCS exam with the required cut-off marks qualify for the final stage of the PCS exam i.e., the Personality Test or Interview round with the UPPSC Board Members. The candidates who qualify to the final stage will be sent an e-summon by the Commission for a face-to-face discussion round with the board members. In this round, the board assesses the personality traits of the candidates and questions will be asked on their hobbies, current affairs, general knowledge, situation questions, etc. to evaluate if they are fit for a career in the civil services or not.

Eligibility Criteria

  • Education Qualification for PCS exam: Candidate must hold a Graduate Degree from a recognised University.

Sr. No



No of Attempt


General & EWS

40 Years

6 Attempts



35 Years

9 Attempts



37 Years



Physically Disabled

42 Years

SC/ST- Unlimited & Others – 9 Attempts


Jammu & Kashmir Domicile

37 Years + (3 years, if OBC OR 5 Years, if SC/ST)

Number of attempts depends on the reserved category.


The PCS exam syllabus for the General Hindi paper:

The UPPSC syllabus for the Essay PCS exam paper:

General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society):

  • History of Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history (from A.D.1757 to A.D. 1947): Significant events, personalities and issues, etc.
  • The Freedom Struggle- its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country (till 1965A.D.).
  • The history of the world will include events from 18 century to the middle of the 20 century such that as the French revolution of 1789, the industrial revolution, the World Wars, the redraw of national boundaries, Socialism, Nazism, Fascism etc-their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society and culture.
  • Role of Women in society and women's organization, population and associated issues,  poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Meaning of liberalization, privatization and globalization and their effects on the economy, polity and social structure.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Distribution of major natural resources of World- Water, Soils, Forests in reference to South and South-East Asia with special reference to India. Factors responsible for the location of industries (with special reference to India).
  • Salient features of Physical Geography- Earthquake, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, Cyclone, Ocean Currents, winds and glaciers.
  • Oceanic resources of India and their potential.
  • The human migration-refugee problem of the World with focus on India.
  • Frontiers and boundaries with reference to the Indian sub-continent.
  • Population and Settlements- Types and Patterns, Urbanization, Smart Cities and Smart Villages.
  • Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh - History, Culture, Art Architecture, Festival, Folk-Dance, Literature, Regional Languages, Heritage, Social Customs and Tourism.
  • Specific knowledge of U.P.-Geography-Human and Natural Resources, Climate, Soils, Forest, Wild-Life, Mines and Minerals Sources of Irrigation.

General Studies-II (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society):

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basis structure, Role of Supreme Court in the evolution of basic provisions of Constitution.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States: issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Role of Finance Commission in Centre-State financial relations.
  • Separation of powers, dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. Emergence and use of alternative dispute redressal mechanisms.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other major democratic countries.
  • Parliament and State legislatures- structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers and privileges and concerned issues.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary: Ministries and Departments of the Government, Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. Public Interest Litigation (PIL).
  • Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, Powers, functions and their responsibilities.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies including NITI Aayog, their features and functioning.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design, implementation and Information Communication Technology (ICT).
  • Development processes- the role of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Self Help Groups (SHGs), various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes, mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger, their implication on body politic.
  • Important aspects of governance. Transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential, citizens, charters and institutional measures.
  • Role of Civil Services in a democracy in the context of emerging trends.
  • India and its relationship with neighbouring Countries.
  • Bilateral, Regional and Global groupings and agreements involving India and/ or affecting India's interest.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests- Indian diaspora.
  • Important International Institutions, Agencies their structure, mandate and functioning.Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh regarding Political, Administrative, Revenue and Judicial System.
  • Current affairs and events of Regional, State, National and International importance.

General Studies-III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) 

  • Economic planning in India, objectives and achievements. Role of NITI Aayog, Pursuit of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s).
  • Issues of Poverty, Unemployment, Social justice and inclusive growth.
  • Components of Government Budgets and Financial System.
  • Major Crops, Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems, storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce, e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices, Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping, issues of buffer stocks and food security, and Technology missions in agriculture.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India since independence.
  • Effects of liberalization and globalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Science and Technology-developments and applications in everyday life and in National Security, India’s Science and Technology Policy.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology, indigenization of technology. Developments of New technologies, transfer of technology, dual and critical use technologies.
  • Awareness in the fields of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Space Technology, Computers, Energy resources, nanotechnology, microbiology, biotechnology. Issues relating to intellectual property rights (IPR), and digital rights.
  • Environmental security and Ecosystems, Conservation of Wildlife, Biodiversity, Environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment,
  • Disaster as a Non-traditional security and safety challenge, disaster mitigation and management.
  • Challenges of International Security: Issues of Nuclear proliferation, Causes and spread of extremism, Communication networks, the role of media and social networking, Basics of cyber security, money laundering and human trafficking.
  • India’s internal security challenges: Terrorism, corruption, insurgency and organized crimes.
  • The role, kind and mandate of security forces, Higher defence organizations in India18- Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh Economy:- Overview of UP Economy: State Budgets. Importance of Agriculture, Industry, Infrastructure and physical resources. Human Resources and Skill development. Government Programmes and Welfare Schemes.
  • Issues in Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry and Animal Husbandry.
  • Law and Order and Civil Defence with special reference to U.P.

General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human action, dimensions of ethics, ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values-lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators, role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: Content, structure, function, its influence and relation with thought and behavior, moral and political attitudes, social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public services, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional Intelligence- concept and dimensions, its utility and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil Service values and ethics in Public Administration: status and problems, ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions, laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance, accountability and ethical governance, strengthening of moral values in governance, ethical issues in international relations and funding, corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: the concept of public service, philosophical basis of governance and probity, information sharing and transparency in government. Right to Information, codes of ethics, codes of conduct, citizen’s charter, work culture, quality of service delivery, utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

Case studies on above issues.

General Studies-V (UP Special Paper-1)

  • History, Civilization, Culture and Ancient Cities of UP.
  • Architecture, their significance and maintainability, museum, archive and archaeology of UP.
  • Contributions of UPin Pre and post 1857 freedom struggles of India.
  • Eminent freedom fighters and personalities of UP.
  • Rural, Urban and Tribal issues: social structure, festivals, fairs, music, folk dances, literature and languages/dialects, social customs of UP.
  • Political System of UP: Governance, Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, State Assembly and State Council, Center-State Relation.
  • Public Service, Public Service Commission, Auditing, Advocate General, High Court and its jurisdiction in UP.
  • Special State Selection Criteria, Official Language, Consolidated Fund and Contingency fund, Political Parties and State Election Commission of UP.
  • Local Self Government: Urban and Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Right related issues in U P.
  • Good Governance, Eradication of Corruption, Lokayukta, Citizen Charters, EGovernance, Right to Information, Redressal Policy.
  • Land Reforms and its impact in UP.Issues Related to Security in UP:
    1. Linkage between development and spread of extremism.
    2. Role of External, State and Interstate actors in creating challenges to internal security through communication networks, media and social networking sites.
    3. Basic rules of cyber security, money- laundering and its prevention.
    4. Various security forces and agencies and their mandate.
    5. Security challenges and their management in border areas, linkage of organized crimes with terrorism.
  • Law and Order and Civil Defense in UP.
  • Medical and Health issues in UP
  • State Education System of UP.
  • Contribution of U Pin development of India.
  • Current Affairs of UP.
  • Implementation of Jal Shakti Mission and other central welfare schemes in UP.
  • NGOs in UP: Issues, Contribution, and Impact.
  • Tourism in U P: Issues and prospects.
  • Emphasis on Innovation in various fields in UP: Issues and it's impact on employement and socio-economic development of the society.

General Studies-VI (UP Special Paper-2):

  • Overview of Economy of UP: Main features of economy and State Budgets, Infrastructure and importance of Physical Resources.
  • Trade, Commerce and industries of UP.
  • UP Government Schemes, Projects and Planned Development for welfare of People, Human Resources and Skill Development.
  • Investment in U P: Issues and Impact.
  • Public Finance and Fiscal Policy, Tax and Economic Reforms, One District One Product Policy of UP Government.
  • Planning and management of renewable and non-renewable energy resources of UP.
  • Demography, Population and Censuses of UP.
  • Commercialization of agriculture and production of agricultural crops in UP.
  • UP New Forest Policy.
  • Agro and Social Forestry in U.P
  • Agricultural Diversity, Problems of agriculture and their solutions in UP.
  • Developmental Indices of U Pin various fields.
  • Geography of UP: Geographical Location, Relief and Structure, Climate, Irrigation, Minerals, Drainage System and Vegetation.
  • National Parks and Wild Life Sanctuaries in UP.
  • Transport Network in UP.
  • Power Resources, Infrastructure and Industrial Development of UP.
  • Pollution and Environmental Issues in U P, Pollution Control Board and its functions.
  • Natural Resources of UP- Soil, Water, Air, Forests, Grasslands, Wetlands.
  • Climate Change and Weather Forecasting issues in UP.
  • Habitat and Ecosystem, structure and function, adjustment; Flora and Fauna with reference to UP.
  • Science and Technology: Its issues, advancements and efforts in UP.
  • Aquaculture, Viticulture, Sericulture, Floriculture, Horticulture, Arboric culture in up and its impact on development of UP.
  • Evolvement of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) for development of UP.

Exam Calendar-2023


PCS-2023 (Prelims)

14th May, 2023


PCS-2023 (Mains)

23th September, 2023 onwards


Apart from NCERT Books (Class 6-12), 10-15 standard reference textbooks are recommended for UPSC preparation.
Some of the best-selling books are:

  • Indian Polity – by M. Laxmikanth & DD Basu
  • Important Acts that Transformed India – by Alex Andrews George
  • Important Judgments that Transformed India – by Alex Andrews George
  • Indian Art and Culture – by Nitin Singhania
  • Ancient and Medieval India – by Poonam Dalal Dahiya
  • Modern Indian History – by Sonali Bansal and Snehil Tripathi
  • Certificate Physical And Human Geography – by Goh Cheng Leong
  • Geography of India – by Majid Husain
  • Oxford Student Atlas for India
  • Indian Economy – by Ramesh Singh
  • Indian Economy – by Nitin Singhania
  • Science and Technology – by Ravi P. Agrahari
  • Environment and Ecology –by Vaishali Anand
  • International Relations – by Pavneet Singh
  • Lexicon for Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude – by Niraj Kumar
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