Current Affair Category: Science & Technology

July 15, 2024

What is Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)?

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a hormone that plays a significant role in the regulation of glucose metabolism. It is an incretin, a type of hormone released from the gut in response to food intake, which enhances insulin secretion from the pancreas. Here is a detailed overview of GLP-1, its functions, and its therapeutic applications: Overview […]



July 8, 2024

Digital Bharat Nidhi (DBN)

India’s Department of Telecommunications (DoT) released draft rules for the Digital Bharat Nidhi (DBN) on July 4. The goal is to improve and expand efforts to connect people to the Internet, especially in rural, remote, and poor urban areas. This plan changes the current Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) by moving money to help make […]



July 2, 2024

What is Deep brain stimulation (DBS)?

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a medical treatment involving the implantation of a device that sends electrical impulses to specific parts of the brain. This technique is primarily used to treat neurological conditions, particularly those that are resistant to medication. Uses of Deep Brain Stimulation Parkinson’s Disease: DBS is commonly used to reduce motor symptoms […]



June 26, 2024

Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS)  

Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS) is a severe illness caused by infection with certain strains of Group A Streptococcus (GAS) bacteria. These bacteria are the same ones that can cause mild infections like strep throat and impetigo, but in the case of STSS, the infection is much more serious and can be life-threatening. Causes: Bacterial […]



June 15, 2024

Kavli Prize-2024:

Why in News? The 2024 Kavli Prize was recently announced. Eight winners were awarded for their contributions to astrophysics, neuroscience, and nanoscience. The Kavli Prize is named after Norwegian-American businessman and philanthropist Fred Kavli. About Fred Kavli: The Kavli Prize is awarded in honour of Norwegian-American businessman and philanthropist Fred Kavli (1927-2013). Born in Erejsford, […]



June 13, 2024

a novel remediation process

The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) researchers have developed a novel remediation process for removing heavy metal contaminants such as arsenic from groundwater. According to IISc, the three-step method, which is patent-pending, also ensures that the removed heavy metals are disposed of in an environment-friendly and sustainable manner, instead of sending untreated heavy metal-rich sludge […]



June 11, 2024

What is marine CDR (mCDR) technologies?

Carbon dioxide removal (CDR), specifically referring to marine CDR (mCDR) technologies, are those that aim to capture and store excess carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere in the ocean. These technologies are being explored as a potential way to mitigate climate change by directly addressing the root cause – rising atmospheric CO2 levels.  mCDR technologies: […]



June 5, 2024

What is Virus-like Particles (VLPs) ?

The Scientists have recently developed a novel way of generating non-infectious Nipah virus-like particles (VLPs) in the laboratory. What is VLPs? Virus-like particles (VLPs) are fascinating mimics of viruses. They closely resemble real viruses in structure but lack one crucial element: viral genetic material. This makes them completely safe and unable to infect cells. tructure: […]



May 29, 2024

NASA’s PREFIRE Mission

Why in News ?  : Rocket Lab’s Electron rocket recently  lifted off from Launch Complex 1 at Māhia, New Zealand  carrying a small satellite for NASA’s PREFIRE (Polar Radiant Energy in the Far-InfraRed Experiment) mission. About  the Pre Fire Mission : NASA’s Pre-Fire Mission, also referred to as the Polar Radiant Energy in the Far-InfraRed […]



May 27, 2024

What are Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)?

Three improvised explosives devices (IEDs) were defused by the Indian Army in Manipur’s Imphal East district. The IEDs were found concealed on the road connecting Nongdam and Itham villages. “A bomb disposal squad arrived at the location and defused the IEDs safely, preventing potential loss of life and injury to locals,” What is IEDs? Improvised […]



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Science & Technology | Vaid ICS Institute