What is Precision farming?

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May 13, 2024

What is Precision farming?

Precision farming, also known as precision agriculture, is a modern approach to farming that uses technology and data to optimize crop production and resource management.


Increased Yields: By precisely tailoring practices to field conditions and crop needs, precision farming can lead to higher crop yields.

Reduced Costs: Optimize resource use like water, fertilizers, and pesticides, minimizing waste and saving money.

Improved Sustainability: Precision practices can minimize environmental impact by reducing excess water usage and chemical runoff.

Enhanced Decision-Making: Data analysis helps farmers make informed decisions about planting, fertilization, pest control, and harvesting.

Improved Farm Management: Tools and data provide insights into farm performance, allowing for better planning and resource allocation.


High Initial Investment: Precision farming technologies like GPS systems, sensors, and data analysis software can be expensive, especially for small farms.

Technical Expertise: Using these technologies effectively requires training and knowledge to interpret data and make informed decisions.

Data Security and Privacy: Concerns exist around data security and ownership of the collected farm data.

Reliance on Technology: Technical breakdowns or lack of internet connectivity can disrupt farming operations.

Limited Accessibility: Small and marginal farmers may not have the resources or infrastructure to adopt precision farming practices readily.


Field Mapping: Utilizing GPS and satellite imagery to create detailed maps of fields, identifying variations in soil quality, drainage, and crop health.

Variable Rate Technology (VRT): Applying fertilizers, pesticides, and irrigation water at precise rates based on specific needs of different areas within a field.

Yield Monitoring: Using sensors and GPS to track crop growth and yield variations across the field, helping identify areas that need attention.

Drone Technology: Drones equipped with cameras and sensors can capture aerial images and data for field analysis and crop health monitoring.

Precision Irrigation Techniques: Using drip irrigation or sprinkler systems with sensors to deliver water directly to plant roots, minimizing waste


In India, pressurized micro irrigation system, drip system specifically, and site-specific nutrient management are considered as ‘Precision Farming’.



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What is Precision farming? | Vaid ICS Institute