The Remarkable Bactrian Camel: A Unique Profile

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December 7, 2023

The Remarkable Bactrian Camel: A Unique Profile

The Last Wild Camels | Saving Earth | Encyclopedia Britannica


  • The Bactrian camel, scientifically known as Camelus bactrianus, stands out with its distinctive double humps that serve as reservoirs for fat storage. Native to the unforgiving landscapes of Central Asia, these camels have adapted remarkably to survive in harsh and arid environments.

Geographical Distribution

  • This species thrives across the expansive terrains of Central Asia, spanning from Afghanistan to China, encompassing the Mongolian steppes and the challenging Gobi desert. Despite their primary habitat, a small population of Bactrian camels has also found a home in the Nubra Valley of Ladakh.

Physical Attributes

  • Measuring up to 10 feet in length and weighing between 590 to 1000 kilograms, these camels are comparatively smaller and more slender than their single-humped counterparts found in Africa and the Middle East. Their fur displays a range of hues from beige to dark brown, with thick, woolly coats that offer insulation during extreme temperatures. Shedding their coats in summer aids in regulating body temperature.

Life Expectancy and Social Structure

  • Bactrian camels boast a lifespan of around 50 years, typically living in herds consisting of 6 to 20 members. While they usually favor group living, occasional solitary behavior or gatherings of up to 30 individuals have been observed.

Dietary Habits

  • Primarily herbivorous, these camels constantly graze on grasses, although they also exhibit omnivorous tendencies.


  • The Bactrian camel stands as a testament to adaptation, thriving in the challenging climates of Central Asia. Its unique physical attributes, social behavior, and dietary habits contribute to its remarkable survival in these harsh landscapes.

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The Remarkable Bactrian Camel: A Unique Profile | Vaid ICS Institute