The Drive for Nuclear Energy as a Climate Solution      

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March 28, 2024

The Drive for Nuclear Energy as a Climate Solution      


  • Global attention has recently turned towards nuclear energy as a potential solution to both energy demands and climate change mitigation. Despite persistent challenges, advocates argue that nuclear power holds promise for addressing the urgent need for clean energy transition. A pivotal moment in this discourse was marked by the Nuclear Energy Summit in Brussels, underscoring efforts to promote nuclear energy as a vital component in combating climate change.

The Nuclear Energy Summit:

  • Brussels recently hosted a significant milestone in nuclear advocacy, the Nuclear Energy Summit, gathering representatives from 30 nations, including heads of state. Organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the summit aimed to galvanize support for nuclear energy as a key player in the global energy landscape.

IAEA’s Initiative:

  • The IAEA has been proactive in promoting nuclear energy’s potential through initiatives like ‘Atoms4Climate’ and engagement with the climate community at COP conferences. These efforts underscore nuclear energy’s role in achieving climate goals, with commitments from various countries to triple global nuclear energy capacity by 2050.

Advantages of Nuclear Energy:

  • Nuclear energy offers clean electricity generation with minimal carbon footprint, significantly lower than fossil fuels and competitive with renewables over its life cycle. Its reliability for baseload electricity, unlike intermittent renewables, positions it as a crucial component in decarbonization pathways outlined by the IPCC.

Challenges and Poor Uptake:

  • Despite its benefits, nuclear energy faces challenges such as safety concerns, high initial costs, and lengthy construction timelines. These factors have hindered its widespread adoption, reflected in stagnant reactor numbers and declining global share in electricity generation.

IAEA’s Outreach and Changing Perspectives:

  • In recent years, nuclear energy has gained traction at climate conferences, with acknowledgments of its role in decarbonization efforts. The tripling declaration at COP28 and its inclusion in COP outcomes signify a shift towards recognizing nuclear energy as a low-emission technology imperative for rapid decarbonization.

India’s Nuclear Energy Outlook:

  • India acknowledges nuclear energy’s role in its decarbonization strategy, with plans for significant expansion despite modest current contribution to electricity generation. While India did not participate in the tripling declaration at COP28, its presence at the Brussels summit underscores its commitment to nuclear energy’s long-term viability.


  • The push for nuclear energy as a climate solution is gaining momentum globally, driven by its clean energy potential and contributions to emissions reduction. While challenges persist, increased advocacy and international collaboration signal a growing recognition of nuclear energy’s indispensable role in addressing the climate crisis.

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The Drive for Nuclear Energy as a Climate Solution | Vaid ICS Institute