The 2024 International Energy Agency Report on Global Methane Emissions                         

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March 14, 2024

The 2024 International Energy Agency Report on Global Methane Emissions                         


  • The International Energy Agency (IEA) recently unveiled its annual report, the Global Methane Tracker 2024. This comprehensive assessment provides insights into methane emissions worldwide, focusing particularly on the energy sector. Highlighting trends, challenges, and the imperative for action, the report underscores the urgency of addressing methane emissions to combat climate change effectively.

Insights from the Global Methane Tracker 2024:

The Global Methane Tracker, an authoritative publication by the IEA, draws on the latest data, scientific research, and satellite observations to offer a comprehensive overview of global methane emissions. Here are the key findings from the 2024 report:

  • Record-High Methane Emissions: Methane emissions from fuel use in 2023 approached record levels, reaching approximately 120 million tonnes (Mt). This uptick represents a modest increase compared to the preceding year, highlighting the persistent challenge of methane leakage.
  • Bioenergy Contribution: An additional 10 million tons of methane emissions stemmed from bioenergy, a renewable energy source derived from organic materials. While bioenergy holds promise for sustainability, its emissions underscore the need for rigorous management practices.
  • Regional Disparities: Despite global trends, around 80 million tons of methane emissions originated from just ten countries. The United States and Russia emerged as prominent contributors to methane emissions from oil and gas operations, while China led in emissions from coal operations.
  • Climate Goals and Challenges: Although some regions exhibited declines in methane emissions, the overall trajectory remains insufficient to align with global climate objectives. To limit warming to 1.5°C as outlined in the Paris Agreement, methane emissions from fossil fuels must be slashed by 75 percent by 2030, necessitating ambitious action on a global scale.
  • Financial Implications: Achieving this critical emission reduction target demands substantial investment, estimated at around $170 billion. Remarkably, this figure constitutes less than 5 percent of the income generated by the fossil fuel industry in 2023, underscoring the feasibility of mobilizing resources for methane mitigation efforts.


  • The Global Methane Tracker 2024 offers a sobering assessment of methane emissions, emphasizing the urgent need for concerted action to curb this potent greenhouse gas. With global cooperation and strategic investments, it is possible to mitigate methane emissions effectively, advancing the objectives of the Paris Agreement and safeguarding the planet for future generations.

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The 2024 International Energy Agency Report on Global Methane Emissions | Vaid ICS Institute