One Nation, One Election: Key Points from the Kovind Panel’s Suggestions       

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March 14, 2024

One Nation, One Election: Key Points from the Kovind Panel’s Suggestions       

The High-Level Committee (HLC), headed by former President Ramnath Kovind, has put forth recommendations for the implementation of the One Nation, One Election concept. Let’s delve into the rationale behind this proposal, the arguments in its favor, and the proposed implementation strategies.

Rationale Behind One Nation, One Election

  • The HLC underscores several reasons supporting the adoption of simultaneous elections:
  • Financial Efficiency: The current practice of multiple elections incurs significant costs to the government and political parties alike, straining the exchequer.
  • Stability and Certainty: Asynchronous elections lead to uncertainty and instability, hindering economic growth and disrupting government machinery.
  • Citizen Convenience: Frequent elections disrupt the normal functioning of governance, causing inconvenience to citizens and affecting voter participation.
  • Operational Efficiency: The repeated imposition of the Model Code of Conduct (MCC) slows down developmental programs and hampers the functioning of government officials and security forces.

Implementation Recommendations

  • The HLC proposes the following measures for the implementation of One Nation, One Election:
  • Constitutional Amendments: The committee suggests amending the Constitution in two phases. Initially, simultaneous elections will be conducted for Lok Sabha and State Assemblies, followed by synchronization with local body elections within 100 days. Ratification by states is required for these amendments.
  • Unified Electoral Roll and ID: To facilitate the preparation of a single electoral roll and election ID for all tiers of government, constitutional amendments are recommended, requiring ratification by states.
  • Contingency Plans: The committee advises on handling scenarios such as hung Houses or no-confidence motions, advocating for fresh elections to constitute the new Lok Sabha or state Assembly.
  • Logistical Planning: It is proposed that the Election Commission of India, in collaboration with State Election Commissions, should meticulously plan logistics, including manpower, security, and voting equipment, to ensure smooth conduct of simultaneous elections across all tiers of government.


  • The recommendations put forward by the Kovind panel aim to streamline the electoral process in India through the implementation of One Nation, One Election. By addressing concerns related to financial burden, governance stability, and citizen participation, these proposals aspire to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of India’s democratic machinery.

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One Nation, One Election: Key Points from the Kovind Panel’s Suggestions | Vaid ICS Institute