Model Code of Conduct Enforced for 2024 Lok Sabha Elections: Understanding its Significance          

Home   »  Model Code of Conduct Enforced for 2024 Lok Sabha Elections: Understanding its Significance          

March 18, 2024

Model Code of Conduct Enforced for 2024 Lok Sabha Elections: Understanding its Significance          


  • As the Election Commission of India (ECI) gears up for the 2024 Lok Sabha elections, the Model Code of Conduct (MCC) has been thrust into action. This article elucidates the implications of the MCC, its regulations, and past instances of its enforcement.

What is the Model Code of Conduct?

  • The MCC, established by the ECI, serves as a set of guidelines aimed at regulating the behavior of political parties and candidates in the lead-up to elections. Its scope encompasses various aspects such as speeches, polling procedures, election manifestos, and overall conduct, all geared towards ensuring fair and unbiased elections.

Commencement and Duration of the Model Code of Conduct:

  • Effective immediately following the announcement of the election schedule, the MCC remains operative until the declaration of election results. Consequently, it has come into effect with the recent announcement of the election dates and will persist throughout the electoral process.

Key Restrictions Imposed by the Model Code of Conduct:

  • The MCC imposes several restrictions on political activities during the election period. Notably, it prohibits the incumbent government from leveraging its official position for campaigning purposes, including refraining from announcing policies or schemes that could influence voter behavior. Additionally, it mandates that ministers abstain from combining official duties with election-related tasks and refrain from utilizing government resources for campaigning endeavors.

Ensuring Fair Play:

  • The MCC underscores the principle of equal opportunities by necessitating that facilities and resources, such as public spaces and transportation, are extended to all political parties on equitable terms. Furthermore, it prohibits the exploitation of religious sentiments, bribery, intimidation, and campaigning within the 48-hour period leading up to polling day, known as the “election silence.”

Legal Standing and Enforcement Mechanisms:

  • Despite lacking statutory backing, the MCC is upheld through moral suasion and censure by the Election Commission. Violations may result in notices being issued to erring parties or individuals, with responses required to address the alleged breaches. Although punitive actions are infrequent, past instances illustrate the EC’s resolve to maintain electoral integrity by reprimanding violators.

Past Incidents of MCC ‘Violations’:

  • Instances from previous elections, such as notices issued to political figures for making unverified allegations or conducting campaign activities during the election silence period, highlight the EC’s proactive stance in enforcing the MCC. While punitive measures are seldom invoked, the EC’s interventions serve as a deterrent against transgressions.


  • The Model Code of Conduct stands as a cornerstone of democratic elections in India, aiming to uphold the principles of fairness, transparency, and equal opportunity. As the nation braces for the upcoming Lok Sabha elections, adherence to the MCC remains imperative for fostering a conducive environment for democratic expression and electoral integrity.

Get In Touch

B-36, Sector-C, Aliganj – Near Aliganj, Post Office Lucknow – 226024 (U.P.) India

+91 8858209990, +91 9415011892


Subscribe now for latest updates.

Follow Us

© All Rights Reserved.

Model Code of Conduct Enforced for 2024 Lok Sabha Elections: Understanding its Significance | Vaid ICS Institute