Leader of opposition in Lok Sabha:

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June 27, 2024

Leader of opposition in Lok Sabha:

Why in News? The Congress leader Rahul Gandhi has been named as the leader of opposition in Lok Sabha

What is the Leader of the Opposition in India?

  • The Leader of the Opposition (LoP) in India is a prominent political figure who leads the largest opposition party in either the Lok Sabha (House of the People) or the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), the two houses of the Indian Parliament.
  • The term “Leader of the Opposition” is not explicitly defined in the Indian Constitution.
  • The LoP’s role is defined under the Salaries and Allowances of Leader of Opposition in Parliament Act, 1977.

How is the Leader of the Opposition determined?

The Leader of the Opposition is typically the leader of the largest political party in opposition to the government party in the respective house (Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha). The designation is recognized by the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha or the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, as applicable.


  • Equivalent Status to a Cabinet Minister:
  • The Leader of the Opposition (LoP) in Lok Sabha enjoys the status and privileges of a Cabinet Minister, including salary, allowances, office space, and security.

Key Appointments:

The LoP plays a significant role in the selection committees for various key appointments, such as the Chief Vigilance Commissioner, the Chairperson of the National Human Rights Commission, and the Director of the Central Bureau of Investigation, among others.

Access to Information:

  • The LoP has access to various parliamentary documents and reports and can request information from the government, which is necessary for informed critique and debate.


Voice of the Opposition:

  • The LoP represents and articulates the views, policies, and concerns of the opposition parties. They ensure that the government’s actions are scrutinized and debated.

Debate Leader:

  • The LoP leads the opposition in parliamentary debates, raising issues of national importance, challenging government policies, and proposing alternatives.

Legislative Influence:

  • Through participation in debates, discussions, and committees, the LoP influences legislative processes, suggesting amendments and highlighting potential flaws in proposed legislation.

Check on Government:

  • The LoP serves as a critical check on the government’s power, ensuring accountability and transparency in governance.

Symbolic Leadership:

  • The LoP is a symbol of the opposition’s unity and strength, fostering coherence among diverse opposition parties.


Holding the Government Accountable:

  • The primary responsibility of the LoP is to hold the government accountable by questioning policies, decisions, and actions. This is done through debates, questions, and discussions in Parliament.

Alternative Policy Proposals:

  • The LoP must present alternative policies and solutions to national issues, offering a constructive critique and providing viable options for governance.

Coordinating Opposition Strategy:

  • The LoP coordinates the strategy of opposition parties, ensuring a united stance on key issues and organizing joint actions when necessary.

Public Communication:

  • The LoP communicates the opposition’s stance and criticisms to the public, helping to shape public opinion and inform citizens about governmental actions and policies.

Participation in Parliamentary Committees:

The LoP is involved in various parliamentary committees, contributing to detailed scrutiny and examination of bills, budgets, and policies.

The Leader of the Opposition in Lok Sabha plays a crucial role in ensuring a healthy, functioning democracy by providing necessary checks and balances to the ruling government’s power, advocating for transparency, and representing the voice of the opposition.




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Leader of opposition in Lok Sabha: | Vaid ICS Institute