India’s urgent need to embrace Graphene Revolution

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July 2, 2023

India’s urgent need to embrace Graphene Revolution


  • In the ever-evolving realm of technological advancements, certain breakthroughs possess the power to revolutionize entire industries. Graphene, often referred to as the “wonder material,” is one such game-changer.
  • With its exceptional strength, flexibility, electrical and thermal conductivity, transparency, impermeability to gases, and versatility, graphene has the potential to transform numerous sectors and drive innovation.
  • While India has made commendable progress in AI and quantum computing, it is crucial for the country to catch up in the domain of graphene to secure its position as a leader rather than a bystander.

Graphene: The Wonder Material:

  • Graphene is a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice pattern, making it the thinnest material known to date.
  • Despite its thinness, graphene is remarkably strong, approximately 200 times stronger than steel, while also being incredibly flexible.
  • Its unique properties include superb electrical and thermal conductivity, transparency, impermeability to gases, and the ability to form composites with other materials, enhancing their properties.

Global Graphene Landscape:

  • Countries like China, the United States, the United Kingdom, South Korea, Japan, Russia, and Singapore have made significant strides in the graphene sector.
  • They have prioritized graphene research, development, and commercialization, resulting in a strong presence of universities, research institutions, companies, and patent filings related to graphene.

India’s Progress in the Graphene Sector:

  • While India’s progress in the graphene sector is notable, there is still a need for accelerated efforts to bridge the gap with global leaders.
  • Key highlights of India’s progress include research and academic contributions, the emergence of start-ups and industry initiatives, the establishment of the India Innovation Centre for Graphene in Kerala, and patent filings for graphene-based technologies and applications.

The Way Ahead for India’s Graphene Sector:

  • To establish India as a leader in the graphene revolution, several crucial steps need to be taken:
  • National Graphene Mission: Establish a dedicated National Graphene Mission, similar to initiatives undertaken by other countries, with clear objectives, timelines, and allocated resources.
  • Increased Research and Development: Encourage and fund research and development activities in graphene across academic institutions, research organizations, and industry. Foster collaborations between academia, industry, and government to accelerate the discovery of new applications for graphene.
  • Infrastructure and Facilities: Invest in infrastructure and advanced laboratories equipped with state-of-the-art instruments for large-scale production, characterization, and testing of graphene.
  • Skill Development and Training: Promote skill development programs and specialized courses at educational institutions to produce a skilled workforce proficient in graphene research, fabrication, characterization, and application development.
  • Industry-Academia Collaboration: Foster stronger collaboration between industry and academia to bridge the gap between research and commercialization. Encourage joint research projects, technology transfer, and the establishment of industry-academia consortia focused on graphene.
  • Funding and Financial Support: Increase funding for graphene research and development through government grants, industry investments, and venture capital. Provide financial support and incentives for start-ups and companies working on graphene technologies to encourage entrepreneurship and product development.
  • Intellectual Property Protection: Strengthen intellectual property protection mechanisms and support researchers and companies in filing patents for graphene-based technologies and applications. Facilitate technology transfer and commercialization through the development of patent pools and licensing frameworks.

The Conclusion:

  • The potential of graphene to revolutionize industries is immense, and India must seize the opportunity to secure its position in the graphene age.
  • By establishing a National Graphene Mission, increasing research and development efforts, investing in infrastructure and facilities, promoting skill development, fostering industry-academia collaboration, providing funding and financial support, and strengthening intellectual property protection,
  • India can emerge as a global leader in graphene


Main Exam Practice Question:

Discuss the potential applications of graphene in revolutionizing multiple industries and the steps India should take to enhance its progress in the graphene sector.

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India’s urgent need to embrace Graphene Revolution | Vaid ICS Institute