India’s GDP growth reaches 6.1% in Q4 2023, promising outlook amidst global challenges

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July 2, 2023

India’s GDP growth reaches 6.1% in Q4 2023, promising outlook amidst global challenges


  • India’s National Statistical Office (NSO) has recently released provisional national income data, revealing that the country’s GDP growth in the January to March 2023 quarter reached 6.1%.
  • This growth rate stands out as the fastest among major economies, indicating better prospects for the current year compared to previous expectations.
  • Despite challenges posed by the global economic slowdown, the Indian economy has shown resilience and a promising trajectory.

Key Highlights:

 Manufacturing Sector Growth Slows, Despite Q4 Rebound:

  • While the overall Gross Value Added (GVA) in the economy rose by 7% in the 2022-23 fiscal year, compared to 8.8% in the previous year, the manufacturing sector experienced a significant decline in GVA growth. It reached only 1.3% compared to 11.1% a year ago.
  • Although the sector rebounded with 4.5% growth in the final quarter after six months of contraction, its overall growth remained subdued.

Agri and Services Sectors Propel Economic Growth:

  • In contrast to the manufacturing sector, the agricultural sector saw an increase in GVA growth, reaching 4% in 2022-23, up from 3.5% in the previous year. Additionally, the financial, real estate, and professional services sectors experienced a robust growth rate of 7.1% in GVA, compared to 4.7% in 2021-22.
  • The trade, hotels, transport, and communication sectors, along with services related to broadcasting, witnessed a marginal increase of 14% in GVA.

Revised GDP and GVA Figures Reflect Changes in Economic Performance:

  • The NSO revised the GDP and GVA numbers for the first half of 2022-23, with slight decreases, while the third-quarter figures were slightly increased.
  • The revised growth estimates show that the first quarter’s GDP growth in 2022-23 is now pegged at 13.1%, followed by 6.2% in the second quarter and 4.5% growth in the third quarter.
  • GVA growth estimates for the first and second quarters were revised to 11.9% and 5.4% respectively, while the third quarter GVA growth increased to 4.7% from the earlier estimate of 4.6%.

Consumer Sentiment and Consumption Growth:

  • Despite a slight uptick in private final consumption expenditure to 2.8% in Q4 from 2.2% in Q3, consumption growth remained muted.
  • This contradicted the positive uptick in consumer sentiment as per the RBI’s consumer confidence survey, highlighting the disparity between sentiment and actual spending.

Outlook and Challenges for Future Growth:

  • Economists predict that maintaining growth above 6% will be challenging amidst a global economic slowdown. The higher-than-expected GDP growth in the previous year may temper growth expectations for the current year, with the government and central bank projecting around 6.5% growth.
  • Additionally, pent-up demand, which supported growth in the past, may not be as strong, and private sector investment needs to pick up since exports are not expected to contribute significantly to growth.

Aspirant’s Inference:

  • The Indian economy’s resilience and promising trajectory, despite global challenges, are often highlighted in the news. This article justifies the perception of the better performance of the Indian economy, with its GDP growth outpacing major economies in the fourth quarter of 2023.

The Conclusion:

  • To sustain and enhance economic growth, it is crucial to focus on stimulating private-sector investment to complement the performance of the agriculture and
  • services sectors. Addressing the challenges in the manufacturing sector and boosting consumer confidence are key to increasing consumption and overall economic expansion.
  • Efforts to diversify and promote exports should also be prioritized to contribute to future growth and reduce dependence on domestic consumption. While the Indian economy has shown resilience, it is important to navigate the global economic slowdown and maintain a favorable growth trajectory.
  • In conclusion, the provisional national income data reveals a positive outlook for the Indian economy, with GDP growth reaching 6.1% in the fourth quarter of 2023. However, addressing challenges in the manufacturing sector, stimulating private sector investment, boosting consumer confidence, and promoting exports are crucial for sustaining and enhancing economic growth in the future.

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India’s GDP growth reaches 6.1% in Q4 2023, promising outlook amidst global challenges | Vaid ICS Institute