Exploring the Sacred Shipra River: Key Insights from CAG Audit             

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March 18, 2024

Exploring the Sacred Shipra River: Key Insights from CAG Audit             


  • A performance audit conducted by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) shed light on the degradation of the Shipra River, also known as the Kshipra, situated in Madhya Pradesh state. This article aims to outline essential details regarding this revered river.

Overview of the Shipra River

  • The Shipra River holds significant religious importance, akin to the revered Ganga River among Hindus. As a perennial river, it flows through Madhya Pradesh, traversing the Malwa Plateau before joining the Chambal River.

Course of the River

  • Origin: The river originates from the Vindhya Range, specifically from a hill known as Kakri-Tekdi, situated approximately 11km north of Dhar and a short distance from Ujjain.
  • It then meanders across the Malwa Plateau, enriching the landscape with its presence.

Religious Significance

  • According to ancient Hindu scriptures, the Shipra River holds divine origins, believed to have sprung from the heart of Varaha, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu in the form of a boar. Additionally, it is renowned for Sage Sandipani’s ashram, where Lord Krishna, the eighth incarnation of Vishnu, is said to have received education.
  • The river’s spiritual prominence transcends Hinduism, finding mention in Buddhist and Jain texts. Ujjain, a sacred city located on the river’s right bank, is a focal point for religious ceremonies. The renowned Kumbha Mela, a grand festival celebrating the river goddess Kshipra, occurs at the river’s ghats every twelve years, drawing pilgrims from far and wide.

Major Tributaries

  • The Shipra River is nourished by tributaries such as Khan and Gambhir, further enhancing its significance and ecological importance.


  • The Shipra River stands as a testament to India’s rich cultural heritage and environmental diversity. Its sacred waters intertwine with religious beliefs, serving as a source of spiritual solace and communal celebration. However, the recent audit highlights the pressing need for conservation efforts to safeguard this revered river for future generations.

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Exploring the Sacred Shipra River: Key Insights from CAG Audit | Vaid ICS Institute