Exploring Coal Gasification for Sustainable Development                            

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February 16, 2024

Exploring Coal Gasification for Sustainable Development                            


  • The Ministry of Coal, Government of India, is organizing an Industry Interaction in Hyderabad to facilitate the advancement and widespread adoption of coal/lignite gasification initiatives throughout the country.

Understanding Coal Gasification:

  • Coal gasification is a transformative process that involves the conversion of coal and water, along with air and/or oxygen, into syngas.
  • Syngas is a composite mixture primarily comprising carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen (H2), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and water vapor (H2O).
  • This conversion occurs within a gasifier, typically a high temperature and pressure vessel, where coal or other feed materials come into direct contact with oxygen and steam.
  • Through a series of chemical reactions, the feed is transformed into syngas and residual ash/slag.

Applications and Benefits:

  • Syngas generated through coal gasification holds immense potential for various applications. It can be utilized for electricity generation, harnessed in energy-efficient fuel cell technologies, or serve as fundamental chemical components for industrial processes.
  • Moreover, the extraction of hydrogen from syngas presents opportunities for fueling a hydrogen economy.
  • The benefits of coal gasification extend beyond mere technological advancements. It presents a promising solution to local pollution challenges and is recognized for its comparatively cleaner attributes in contrast to traditional coal combustion.
  • Additionally, embracing coal gasification can lead to a reduced dependence on imports for crucial commodities such as natural gas, methanol, and ammonia. By doing so, it not only fosters self-sufficiency but also contributes to global commitments towards environmental sustainability.


  • The initiative to promote coal gasification in India signifies a strategic move towards embracing cleaner energy solutions and fostering sustainable development practices. By leveraging this technology, India aims to mitigate environmental burdens, reduce carbon emissions, and pave the way for a greener future in alignment with international environmental objectives.

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Exploring Coal Gasification for Sustainable Development | Vaid ICS Institute