January 5, 2024
Discovery of Polygonum Chaturbhujanum in Pench Tiger Reserve
Unveiling a New Plant Species
- In a recent survey conducted at the Gol Pahadi Island within the Pench Tiger Reserve (PTR) in Maharashtra, researchers stumbled upon an intriguing find: a previously unknown plant species belonging to the Polygonum genus, now named Polygonum Chaturbhujanum. This herbaceous plant discovery adds to the rich biodiversity found within this region.
Uncovering Endemic Flora
- Beyond the discovery of Polygonum Chaturbhujanum, this exploration also revealed the existence of six plant species that are exclusive to India within the confines of the Pench Tiger Reserve. These species include Aegineta indica, Boerhavia crispa, Habenaria gibsonii var foetida, Iphigenia pallida, Petalidium barlerioides, and Barleria gibsonii.
Insights into Pench Tiger Reserve
- The Pench Tiger Reserve spans across the southern expanse of the Satpura hills, encompassing areas in the Seoni and Chhindwara districts of Madhya Pradesh. Extending into the Nagpur district of Maharashtra, it stands as a distinct Sanctuary. The Reserve derives its name from the Pench River, meandering through its landscape from north to south.
Diverse Terrain and Vegetation
- Characterized by undulating topography, the Pench Tiger Reserve boasts a varied terrain, dominated by small hills and steep slopes. This diverse landscape supports an eclectic mix of vegetation, ranging from moist, sheltered valleys to expansive, dry-deciduous forests.
Flourishing Flora and Fauna
- The Reserve’s vegetation is a tapestry of species, including prominent trees like teak, saag, and mahua, complemented by an array of grasses and shrubs. Its fauna is equally captivating, featuring wildlife such as Chital, Sambar, Nilgai, Gaur (Indian Bison), wild boar, tigers, dogs, and wolves, painting a vivid picture of biodiversity thriving within the Pench Tiger Reserve.