Bombay HC Directs Tiger Reserve in Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary

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November 2, 2023

Bombay HC Directs Tiger Reserve in Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary

Declare MHADEI Wildlife Sanctuary as Tiger Reserve in 3 Months, Bombay HC  Orders Goa Govt


  • The Bombay High Court in Goa has ordered the establishment of a tiger reserve within the Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary, following a recommendation by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.
  1. Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary Overview
  2. Location and Establishment

– Western Ghats, designated as a wildlife sanctuary in 1999.

– Spans Goa, Karnataka, and Maharashtra.

  1. Ecological Significance
  2. Area and UNESCO Listing

– Covers approximately 208.5 sq. km in the Sahyadri mountain range.

– Part of UNESCO’s World Heritage-listed Sahyadri mountain range.

III. Flora and Fauna

  1. Rich Plant Diversity

– Abundance of medicinal and endemic plants.

  1. Diverse Wildlife

– Home to Tigers, Indian gaur, leopards, deer species, reptiles, amphibians, and various birds.

  1. Conservation Importance
  2. Protecting Endangered Species

– Crucial for conserving endangered species.

  1. Biodiversity in Western Ghats

– Maintains biodiversity in the Western Ghats region.

  1. Genetic Diversity

– Promotes genetic diversity through wildlife corridors.

  1. Ongoing Legal Dispute
  2. Mhadei/Mahadayi River Water Diversion

– Disagreement between Goa and Karnataka.

  1. Concerns for Sanctuary Ecology

– Worries about impact on sanctuary’s ecology.


  • The directive from the Bombay High Court is a pivotal step in preserving the Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary’s ecological integrity. Spanning across the Western Ghats, this sanctuary holds immense biodiversity significance. The establishment of a tiger reserve underscores its commitment to conservation. However, the ongoing legal dispute over river water diversion highlights the need for continued vigilance in safeguarding this natural treasure.

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Bombay HC Directs Tiger Reserve in Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary | Vaid ICS Institute