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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Year of the Nurse and midwife

Why in news?

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has designated the year 2020 as the “Year of the Nurse and midwife”, in honour of the 200th birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale.

  • The declaration of “Year of the Nurse and midwife” will help to strengthen nursing and midwifery for Universal Health Coverage.
  • Strengthening nursing will help to achieve Sustainable Development Goals, in particular the (SDG) 3 – ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages, SDG 5- promoting gender equity and SDG 8- contributing to economic development.
  • Nurses and midwives constitute more than 50% of the health workforce in many countries.
  • The declaration will also help to endorse “The NursingNow!” a three-year campaign (2018-2020) to improve health globally by raising the status of nursing.
  • Moreover, WHO is also leading the development of the first-ever State of the World’s Nursing report which will be launched in 2020.

Florence Nightingale :

  • Florence Nightingale was a British nurse, statistician, and social reformer who is also considered as a foundational philosopher of modern nursing.
  • She was born in Florence, Italy, on May 12, 1820. The year 2020 marks a bicentenary year of her birth.
  • During the Crimean War, she and a team of nurses improved the unsanitary conditions at a British base hospital, greatly reducing the death count.
  • Her writings sparked worldwide health care reform.
  • She was known for her night rounds to aid the wounded, establishing her image as the ‘Lady with the Lamp’.


Why in news?

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has launched a mobile app- Mobile Aided Note Identifier (MANI) to help visually-impaired people to identify the denomination of currency notes.

  • There were reports of problems faced by visually-challenged people in identifying new currency notes launched after demonetisation (2016).
  • The application can scan the currency notes using the camera of the mobile phone.
  • However, the app does not authenticate a note as either genuine or counterfeit.
  • It also gives audio output in Hindi and English.
  • The application will work on Android and iOS operating systems.
  • It will work in offline mode once installed.

Fact For Prelims

‘Mandu Utsav’ :

  • Recently, five day long ‘Mandu Utsav’ was celebrated in Dhar, Madhya Pradesh from 28th December 2019 to 1st January 2020.
  • The festival provides a chance to indulge in some adventure activities like ATV bike, paragliding, rifle shooting, parasailing etc. and witness cultural performances by eminent artists.

Mandu City :

  • It is a world-famous picturesque tourist destination located in Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh and adorned with Afghan architecture surrounded by baobab trees, native to Africa.


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