Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
World Malaria Report 2020
Why in News?
Recently, the World Health Organization released the World Malaria Report 2020.
Key Highlights of the World Malaria Report 2020
- It highlighted that in 2019, malaria cases globally numbered about 229 million which is an annual estimate that has remained virtually unchanged over the last four years.
- In 2019, the disease claimed about 409,000 lives, compared to 411,000 in 2018.
- The countries in South-East Asia made particularly strong progress, with reductions in cases and deaths of 73 per cent and 74 per cent, respectively.
- The report said that the WHO South-East Asia Region accounted for about 3 per cent of the burden of malaria cases globally.
- The report noted that the 11 highest burden countries are Burkina Faso, Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, India, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania.
- The highest burden countries account for 70 per cent of the global estimated case burden and 71 per cent of global estimated deaths from malaria.
India’s position in World Malaria Report 2020:
- India contributed to the largest drop in cases region-wide i.e. from approximately 20 million to about 6 million.
- WHO noted the “impressive gains” made by India in the fight against malaria, with reductions in cases and deaths of 18 per cent and 20 per cent, respectively, over the last 2 years.
- India also recorded decrease in number of deaths from malaria between 2000 and 2019.
- The report highlighted that the malaria deaths in India declined from about 29,500 in 2000 to about 7700 last year.
- India still accounted for 88 per cent of malaria cases and 86 per cent of malaria deaths in the WHO South-East Asia Region in 2019.
Initiative taken by India to eliminate Malaria:
National Framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME) 2016-2030
- The National Framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME) 2016-2030 outlines India’s strategy for elimination of the disease by 2030.
- It is in line with the WHO Global Technical Strategy for Malaria 2016–2030 (GTS) and the Asia Pacific Leaders Malaria Alliance Malaria Elimination Roadmap.
- The goals of the National Framework for Malaria Elimination in India 2016–2030 are:
Eliminate malaria (zero indigenous cases) throughout the entire country by 2030; and
Maintain malaria–free status in areas where malaria transmission has been interrupted and prevent re-introduction of malaria.
Fact for Prelims
- The project involves development and improvement of 889 km long national highways.
- This project will connect the routes leading to Badrinath Dham, Kedarnath Dham, Gangotri, Yamunotri and Kailash Mansarovar Yatra.
Environmentalists allege that the contractors deputed by the government for road construction as Chardham project are violating Supreme Court orders on road widening in hilly areas.