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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

World Fisheries Day

Why in News?

The Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India has recently celebrated the ‘World Fisheries Day’ today at NASC Complex, Pusa, New Delhi.

The fishers, fish farmers, entrepreneurs, stakeholders, professionals, officials and Scientist from across the nation also participated in the grand event.

Importance of Fisheries sector in India:

  • Fisheries is an important sector that contributes immensely to the socio-economic growth of the country.
  • This sector is responsible for providing nutritional security, livelihood support and employment to millions of Indians.
  • It is estimated that the world’s population will exceed 9 billion by 2050.
  • With the increase in the population, the demand for nutritional security also goes on parallel lines.
  • Fisheries contribute about 1 percent to India’s GDP and 5 percent to agricultural GDP.

Important facts:

  • India ranks third after China and Indonesia in world marine fish production.
  • India did a total net trade of over 30 lakh tonnes last year (in 2018, it was 4 lakh tonnes).
  • Tamil Nadu secured the first place with 7.75 lakh tonnes, followed by Gujarat (7.49 lakh tonnes) and Kerala (5.44 lakh tonnes).

  • Fishing in India is a major industry in its coastal states, employing over 14 million people.
  • In 2016-17, the country exported 11,34,948 metric tons of seafood worth Rs 7, 870.90 crore.

Challenges:

  • It is a matter of great concern that India can use only a fraction of the fisheries capacity available with it.
  • India only uses about 40 per cent of the available ponds, tanks and other water bodies for freshwater fisheries and 15 per cent of the total capacity of saltwater resources.
  • A major issue is with ponds and tanks in most parts of the mainland in India, these are usually multi-use water bodies.
  • Lack of formal working capital system to support smooth and effective fisheries.
  • Challenges such as threats to climate, disease hazards, and trade barriers.
  • Cyclone storms and recurrence of traps in large quantities of non-edible fishes are the main reasons for the relatively low catch in the past year.

Initiatives:

Blue revolution in India:

India’s first blue revolution was launched during the Seventh Five-Year Plan of 1985 to 1990, during which the government sponsored the Development Agency for Fish Farmers.

  • The Intensive Marine Fisheries Program was implemented during the 8th fiscal year from 1992-97, promoting cooperation with multinationals.
  • The fishing port was built at Tuticorin, Porbandar, Visakhapatnam, Kochi and Port Blair.
  • The plan aims to transform India into a hotspot for fish and aquatic products through appropriate policy, marketing and infrastructure support.
  • With this scheme, the government intends to bring all fishermen under the purview of farmer welfare programs and social security schemes.

Kisan Credit Card Scheme:

  • The Kisan Credit Card (KCC) scheme was announced in the budget speech of 1998-99 to meet the financial needs of farmers at various stages of farming through institutional credit.

Facts For Prelims :

Operation “Meri Saheli”:

  • Indian Railways has launched “Meri Saheli” initiative for focused action on security of womenacross all zones with an objective to provide safety and security to lady passengers travelling by trains for their entire journey from starting station to destination station.
  • An initiative of RPF, the Strategy of the entails interaction with lady passengers especially those travelling alone by a team of young lady RPF personnel at the originating station.

 

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