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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

What connects NPR, NRIC and census?

Why in news?

As protests spread all across the country against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA), 2019 and the proposed National Register of Indian Citizens (NRIC), West Bengal and Kerala suspended work related to the preparation and update of the National Population Register in their respective States.

What is National Population Register?

  • The NPR is a database containing a list of all usual residents of the country with demographic and biometric details, was supposed to be prepared between April 2020 and September 2020 ahead of the Census slated for 2021.

How it is generated?

  • It is generated through house to house enumeration during the “house listing” phase of the census, which is held once in 10 years.
  • A usual resident for the purposes of NPR is a person who has resided in a place for six months or more, and intends to reside there for another six months or more.

What is the legal basis for the NPR?

  • While the census is legally backed by the Census Act, 1948, the NPR is a mechanism outlined in a set of rules framed under the Citizenship Act, 1955.
  • Section 14A was inserted in the Citizenship Act, 1955, in 2004, providing for the compulsory registration of every citizen of India and the issue of a “national identity card” to him or her.
  • It also said the Central government may maintain a “National Register of Indian Citizens”.
  • The Registrar General India shall act as the “National Registration Authority” (and will function as the Registrar General of Citizen Registration).

Is there any link between the NPR and Aadhaar?

  • Both databases of NPR and Aadhaar will exist with different objectives, and that each will use the other’s biometric data.
  • Those already enrolled for Aadhaar need not give their biometric details again during NPR.
  • In case of discrepancy between Aadhaar and NPR data, the latter would prevail.

What will happen after the NPR is compiled?

  • National Register of Indian Citizens (NRIC) is a subset of the NPR; since NPR consist of all residents in the country.
  • NRIC will be prepared at the local, subdistrict, district and State levels after verifying the citizenship status of the residents.
  • Details of those “whose citizenship is doubtful” will be given an opportunity of being heard by the Subdistrict or Taluk Registrar of Citizen Registration before a final decision is made on excluding them from the NRIC.
  • The decision should be made within 90 days.
  • Any person aggrieved by an exclusion order can appeal to the District Registrar within 30 days.
  • In case, the appeal succeeds, the names of those concerned would be added to the NRIC.

What are the documents that would help establish citizenship?

  • It has not yet prescribed rules for the sort of documentary proof that would be required to prove citizenship.
  • The government says any document that shows date of birth or place of birth, or both, will be Sufficient and those unable to produce documents may produce witnesses or other proof supported by members of the community.

Many State governments have said the NPR would not be implemented. Is this possible?

  • As the house to house enumeration is a part of the Census operation, it is unlikely that the NPR process can go ahead without support of State governments.
  • The legal position is that while the Centre is in charge of the census, the State governments are expected to provide staff whenever required.

What is the relationship between the NPR and the Citizenship (Amendment) Act?

  • There is no direct link, but CAA may help non Muslims (Religiously persecuted minorities other than muslims) take the CAA route to apply for citizenship.

Fact For Prelims

Peregrine falcon :

  • The peregrine falcon, one of the world’s most common predatory birds, has the fastest vision in the animal kingdom and can register nearly 130 frames per second, according to a study published in the Journal of Experimental Biology.
  • In comparison, humans see up to a maximum of 50 to 60 blinks per second.

Indian Pharmacopoeia (IP):

  • The Indian Pharmacopoeia (IP) has been recognised formally by the National Department of Regulation of Medicines and Health Products of the Ministry of Public Health of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
  • It will also be used based on the requirement as reputable pharmacopoeia in the laboratory of medicines and health products quality.

What is IP?

  • IP is an officially recognized book of standards as per the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules 1945 thereunder.
  • The IP specifies the standards of drugs manufactured and marketed in India in terms of their identity, purity and strength.

 

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