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Daily Current Affairs – 2019

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

USA President impeachment

31st October 2019

Why in news?

House Democrats recently unveiled plans to open up the impeachment inquiry into President Donald Trump with public hearings, after criticism from Republicans that the process has been overly secretive.

Background:

No US President has ever been removed as a direct result of impeachment. The House did impeach two Presidents — Andrew Johnson (1968) and Bill Clinton (1998) — but the Senate did not convict them. In between, President Richard Nixon (1974) resigned before he could be removed.

What is Impeachment?

It is a provision that allows Congress to remove the President of the United States.

Under the US Constitution:

  1. The House of Representatives (Lower House) has the “the sole power of impeachment” while the Senate (Upper House) has “the sole power to try all impeachments”.
  2. The Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court has the duty of presiding over impeachment trials in the Senate.

Grounds for impeachment:

  1. The President can be removed from office for “treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors”.
  2. Essentially, it means an abuse of power by a high-level public official. This does not necessarily have to be a violation of an ordinary criminal statute. Historically, in the US, it has encompassed corruption and other abuses, including trying to obstruct judicial proceedings.

The process:

  1. It begins with an investigation by a House committee. If they find that there is enough evidence of wrongdoing, it will refer the matter to the full House.
  2. House vote: When the full House votes, if one or more of the articles of impeachment gets a majority vote, the President is impeached. Next, the proceedings move to the Senate.
  3. Senate trial & vote:The Senate holds a trial, overseen by the chief justice of the Supreme Court. A team of lawmakers from the House, known as managers, play the role of prosecutors. The President has defence lawyers, and the Senate serves as the jury. If at least two-thirds of the Senators present find the President guilty, he is removed and the Vice President takes over as

 


 

Assamese Bhaona

Why in news?

Assamese Bhaona recently   made an English debut in Abu Dhabi.

What is Bhaona?

  •  Bhaona is a traditional form of entertainment; mythology-based theatrical performance with religious messages, prevalent is Assam, India.
  • It is a creation of Mahapurusha Srimanta Sankardeva, written in the early sixteenth century.
  • He wrote seven dramas for performance in Bhanoa.
  • He created the form to convey religious messages to villagers through entertainment.
  • The plays of Bhaona are popularly known as Ankiya Nats and their staging is known as Bhaona.
  • Bhaona is generally staged at Xatras (Institutional Centers Associated with Vaishnavismand Namghars (prayer houses) in Assam.
  • It involves dialogues, songs and dances by performers in costumes and ornaments, usually involves 40-50 people, including those playing heavy drums and cymbals.
  • There are some special characteristics of Bhaona like the playsdialoguescostumesornamentsentry and foot-steps of the characters.
  • These characteristics help to differentiate Bhaona from other plays.
  • It played a major role in the neo-Vaishnavite movement that Sankardeva started in Assam.
  • The Bhaonas are written in the Assamese and Brajavali
  • Brajavali is a language created by Sankardeva and also is a literary language limited to theatrical usage.

 

Facts for Prelims

Malware:

  • Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd. (NPCIL) has confirmed that a malware had infected its system at the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KKNPP).
  • It was infected by DTracka North Korean virus.

What is a Malware?

  • It is short for “malicious software,” also known as malicious code or “malcode.” It is code or software that is specifically designed to damage, disrupt, steal, or in general inflict some other “bad” or illegitimate action on data, hosts, or networks.
  • Some of the more commonly known types of malware are viruses, worms, Trojans, bots, ransomware, backdoors, spyware, and adware.

 

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