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Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
Why in News?
A 22-year-old climate activist got arrested for misusing a toolkit. Such instances raise a question of alleged misuse of power by the government officials.
The Delhi Police has already registered multiple First Information Reports (FIRs) post the 26th January farmer protest in Delhi.
They have now arrested Disha Ravi, a climate activist from Bengaluru for editing a toolkit published on 3rd February by climate activist Greta Thunberg. It was used by social media users to protest against the farm laws.
What is a tool kit?
It is simply a document containing a set of directives for social media campaigners.
It includes the hashtags to be used, persons to be targeted, duration of campaign and other things for a systematic and synchronized online campaign.
Reason for Arrest:
The allegation is that the toolkit was made by Pro – Khalistani separatists. Thus, editing it amounted to sedition and incitement to riots.
The government believes that activist is part of a global conspiracy to incite violence in the country by secessionists based in Punjab.
Issues with Arrest:
First, the Delhi Police didn’t’ seek permission from the state Police. By that, it disobeyed interstate arrest guidelines formulated by the Delhi High Court. Further the accused was not allowed to be properly represented by a counsel.
Second, the toolkit doesn’t contain any directions which led to direct incitement of violence. It was a necessary condition for sedition.
Third, it undermines democratic power when people are arrested due to excessive suspicion and not on merits. Thereby undermining due process.
Fourth, such arrest shows non judicious use of police power which will diminish India’s Global image.
The focus should be on addressing the tolerance gap in governance and not on using more repressive strategies.
The masses shouldn’t feel that their rights are not respected by the government and free speech should not be curbed by illegitimate means.
In the case of Ravi, an impartial investigation to establish her crime should be done.
Facts For Prelims:
Giant Leatherback turtle:
Proposals for tourism and port development in the Andaman and Nicobar (A&N) Islands have conservationists worried over the fate of some of the most important nesting populations of the Giant Leatherback turtle in this part of the Indian Ocean.
The largest of the seven species of sea turtles on the planet and also the most long-ranging, Leatherbacks are found in all oceans except the Arctic and the Antarctic.
Within the Indian Ocean, they nest only in Indonesia, Sri Lanka and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
They are also listed in Schedule I of India’s Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.