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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

The Monpa handmade Paper Industry

Why in News?

As a result of the dedicated efforts of the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), the 1000-year-old traditional art – the Monpa handmade paper industry of Arunachal Pradesh – which was abandoned for extinction, has once again come alive.

Monpa handmade paper making art began 1000 years ago and gradually became an integral part of local customs and culture in Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh.

At one time this handmade paper was produced in every house in Tawang and it became a major source of livelihood for the local people.

  • In the past, monpa was produced on such a large scale that these papers were sold in countries such as Tibet, Bhutan, Thailand and Japan, because at that time there was no paper production industry in these countries.
  • However, gradually local the industry would be in decline and replaced the indigenous handmade paper with low level Chinese paper.

  • The paper industry in India is under development, but the level of development in it has intensified.
  • There are currently around 800 paper mills in India, of which 650+ are in the current state.
  • Their installed capacity (normal paper + news paper) is 22 million tonnes but the entire capacity is not utilized due to which production is low and still huge amount of paper is imported.
  • In paper industry, 3 lakh persons are direct and 10 lakh persons are indirectly employed.
  • However, the average per capita consumption of paper in India is much lower than the average consumption of developed countries and the world.
  • The demand for paper in India is relatively low but due to the fast growing economy and level of education, there is a possibility of rapid increase in its demand.

The Development of Paper Industry in India:

  • The first paper factory in India was set up in Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh) in 1879 followed by a factory in Titagarh (West Bengal) in 1881.
  • During the First and Second World War, there was some growth in the development of paper industry due to government protection.
  • By 1913 there were only 11 paper factories in India. By 1950, their number increased to 106. This industry developed a lot in independent India. Currently there are about 800 paper mills of which 650+ are in working condition.

Facts for Prelims:

BBX11’ gene:

  • It is a gene that facilitates in the greening of plants by playing a crucial role in regulating the levels of protochlorophyllide — an intermediate in the biosynthesis of the green pigment chlorophyll.
  • Identified recently by Researchers at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER).

 

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