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Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020
Why in News?
The Rajya Sabha passed the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020.
The Bill was passed in March 2020 in the Lok Sabha.
The original Bill was framed in 1971.
Under the Indian Penal Code, 1860, voluntarily terminating a pregnancy is a criminal offence.
The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971 allows for aborting the pregnancy by medical doctors (with specified specialisation) on certain grounds.
The Act regulates the conditions under which a pregnancy may be aborted.
The bill increases the time period within which an abortion may be carried out.
Women would need a nod from a medical board in the case of pregnancies beyond 24 weeks.
Currently, abortion requires the opinion of one doctor if it is done within 12 weeks of conception, and two doctors if it is done between 12 and 20 weeks.
The Bill allows abortion to be done on the advice of one doctor up to 20 weeks, and two doctors in the case of certain categories of women, between 20 and 24 weeks.
For a pregnancy to be terminated after 24 weeks in case of substantial foetal abnormalities, the opinion of the State-level medical board is essential.
Medical Termination of Pregnancy:
Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) is a legalized method of termination of pregnancy, intentionally, before its full term.
It is also known as induced abortion or intentional or voluntary termination of pregnancy.
FATCS FOR PRELIMS
EU has been declared an ‘LGBTIQ Freedom Zone’:
The European Parliament has symbolically declared the entire 27-member bloc as an “LGBTIQ Freedom Zone”.
A majority of countries in the EU (23/27) recognise same-sex unions, with 16 legally recognising same-sex marriage.
As per the resolution, LGBTIQ persons everywhere in the EU should enjoy the freedom to live and publicly show their sexual orientation and gender identity without fear of intolerance, discrimination or persecution.