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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Sustainable Marine Fisheries

3rd Aug 2020

Why in News? Marine fishery is among the many economic sectors lagging behind in India

Marine fishery Sector: The total fish output in India was about 13.7 million tonnes in 2018-19, out of which about 35% was contributed by the marine sector.

Unsustainability Issues in Marine Fishery Sector in India:

  • It is estimated, against the recommended fleet size, that the overall marine fleet size is in excess by about 125%.
  • Out of the total assessed stock of 52 species of various finfish and shellfish along the Indian coast, nearly 44% are beyond their biologically sustainable levels.
  • For every tonne of fish caught, carbon dioxide emissions increased from 0.50 to 1.02 tonnes between 1961 and 2010.
Measures taken towards sustainable fishing:

·        The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) has promulgated a Code Conduct of Responsible Fisheries (CCRF).

·        It calls to regulate the fishing practices that have destructive impacts on the environment.

· India has taken steps adhering to the CCRF norms. Kerala has adopted a comprehensive Marine Fishery Regulation Act.

Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries or—CCRF

. The 1995 Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries or—CCRF—sets out international principles and standards of behavior to ensure effective conservation, management, and development of both marine and freshwater living aquatic resources.

 

 

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Whip :

 

Why in News? Congress chief whip in the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly has moved the Supreme Court against a State High Court direction to the Speaker to maintain status quo in the disqualification proceedings initiated against ousted MLAs under the anti-defection law.

What is a whip?

A whip is an official of a political party who acts as the party’s ‘enforcer’ inside the legislative assembly or house of parliament.

Parties appoint a senior member from among their House contingents to issue whips — this member is called a Chief Whip, and he/she is assisted by additional Whips.

India inherited the concept of the whip from the British parliamentary system.

(Note: A whip in parliamentary parlance is also a written order that party members be present for an important vote, or that they vote only in a particular way.)

What’s the issue?

According to chief Whip, the High Court order on July 24 violated a Constitution Bench judgment of the Supreme Court in the Kihoto Hollohan of 1992.

The verdict had categorically held that courts should not intervene in disqualification proceedings prior to a final decision from the Speaker. Judicial review of disqualification proceedings was very limited.

 What happens if a whip is disobeyed?

A legislator may face disqualification proceedings if she/he disobeys the whip of the party unless the number of lawmakers defying the whip is 2/3rds of the party’s strength in the house. Disqualification is decided by the Speaker of the house.

Limitations of whip:

There are some cases such as Presidential elections where whips cannot direct a Member of Parliament (MP) or Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) to vote in a particular fashion.

Types of whips:

There are three types of whips or instructions issued by the party

One-line whip: Issued to inform members of a party about a vote. It allows a member to abstain in case they decide not to follow the party line.

Two-line whip: Issued to direct the members to be present in the House at the time of voting.

Three-line whip: Issued to members directing them to vote as per the party line.

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Facts for Prelims

 

  • Haloarchaea:
  • Halophiles are a group of microorganisms that can grow and often thrive in areas of high salt (NaCl) concentration.
  • Halo archaea or halophilic archaea is a bacteria culture which produces pink pigment and is found in water saturated with salt.
  • Because of the biomass of Halo archaea microbes, the surface of Lonar Lake turned red or pink.
  • As the biomass subsides, the color will disappear.
  • Halo archaea microbes were ingested by Flamingos.
  • These microbes acted as carotenoid (pigment) rich food for the birds.
  • Flamingos get their red-pink color from special coloring chemicals called pigments found in the algae and invertebrates they eat.

 

 

 

  • SKOCH Gold Award:

Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MoTA) has  recently received SKOCH Gold Award for its “Empowerment of Tribals through IT enabled Scholarship Schemes” project.

About SKOCH Awards:

  • Instituted in 2003, it is the highest civilian honour in the country conferred by an independent organisation.
  • It recognises people, projects and institutions that go the extra mile to make India a better nation.
  • It is given in the areas of digital, financial and social inclusion; governance; inclusive growth; excellence in technology and applications; change management; corporate leadership; corporate governance; citizen service delivery; capacity building; empowerment and other such softer issues.
  • It is given to both institutions/organizations and individuals.

 

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