Daily Current Affairs – 2020Topic: For Prelims and Mains
Why in News? Marine fishery is among the many economic sectors lagging behind in India
Marine fishery Sector: The total fish output in India was about 13.7 million tonnes in 2018-19, out of which about 35% was contributed by the marine sector.
Unsustainability Issues in Marine Fishery Sector in India:
|Measures taken towards sustainable fishing:
· The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) has promulgated a Code Conduct of Responsible Fisheries (CCRF).
· It calls to regulate the fishing practices that have destructive impacts on the environment.
· India has taken steps adhering to the CCRF norms. Kerala has adopted a comprehensive Marine Fishery Regulation Act.
Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries or—CCRF
. The 1995 Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries or—CCRF—sets out international principles and standards of behavior to ensure effective conservation, management, and development of both marine and freshwater living aquatic resources.
Why in News? Congress chief whip in the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly has moved the Supreme Court against a State High Court direction to the Speaker to maintain status quo in the disqualification proceedings initiated against ousted MLAs under the anti-defection law.
What is a whip?
A whip is an official of a political party who acts as the party’s ‘enforcer’ inside the legislative assembly or house of parliament.
Parties appoint a senior member from among their House contingents to issue whips — this member is called a Chief Whip, and he/she is assisted by additional Whips.
India inherited the concept of the whip from the British parliamentary system.
(Note: A whip in parliamentary parlance is also a written order that party members be present for an important vote, or that they vote only in a particular way.)
What’s the issue?
According to chief Whip, the High Court order on July 24 violated a Constitution Bench judgment of the Supreme Court in the Kihoto Hollohan of 1992.
The verdict had categorically held that courts should not intervene in disqualification proceedings prior to a final decision from the Speaker. Judicial review of disqualification proceedings was very limited.
What happens if a whip is disobeyed?
A legislator may face disqualification proceedings if she/he disobeys the whip of the party unless the number of lawmakers defying the whip is 2/3rds of the party’s strength in the house. Disqualification is decided by the Speaker of the house.
Limitations of whip:
There are some cases such as Presidential elections where whips cannot direct a Member of Parliament (MP) or Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) to vote in a particular fashion.
Types of whips:
There are three types of whips or instructions issued by the party
One-line whip: Issued to inform members of a party about a vote. It allows a member to abstain in case they decide not to follow the party line.
Two-line whip: Issued to direct the members to be present in the House at the time of voting.
Three-line whip: Issued to members directing them to vote as per the party line.
Facts for Prelims
Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MoTA) has recently received SKOCH Gold Award for its “Empowerment of Tribals through IT enabled Scholarship Schemes” project.
About SKOCH Awards: