Online Portal Download Mobile App हिंदी ACE +91 9415011892 / 9415011893

Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Sukhana Lake

The Punjab and Haryana High Court has recently declared Sukhna lake (Chandigarh) as a living entity recently.

 

What is legal entity?

A legal entity means entity which acts like a natural person but only through a designated person, whose acts are processed within the ambit of law.

  • The court invoked its parens patriaejurisdiction to declare the lake as a legal entity for its survival, preservation and conservation having a distinct persona with corresponding rights, duties and liabilities of a living person.
  • All the citizens of Union Territory, Chandigarh, are hereby declared as loco parentis (in the place of a parent)to save the lake from extinction.
  • Sukhna Lake is a rain-fed lake,located within Chandigarh and its catchment area falls both in Punjab and Haryana.
  • The lake was constructed in 1958and is spread over 3 sq km.

An area of 2 km to 2.75 km around the lake has been declared as an eco-sensitive zone by the Chandigarh Administration.

All activities in this area fall under provisions of the Environment Protection Act.

The court has completely banned new construction in the catchment areas falling in the states of Punjab, Haryana and Union Territory Chandigarh as well as in the Sukhna Wetland and Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary.

Earlier, Uttarakhand High Court declared the rivers Yamuna and Ganga as legal or juridical persons, enjoying all the rights, duties and liabilities of a living person.

The HC bench was hearing a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) petition filed in 2014 and gave a landmark judgment stating that the Ganga and the Yamuna must be treated as living entities.

About the Environment Protection Act, 1986:

§  It empowers the government of India to lay down standards for emission or discharge of environmental pollutants from various sources whatsoever, provided that different standards for emission or discharge may be laid down under this clause from different sources having regard to the quality or composition of the emission or discharge of environmental pollutants from such sources.

What is Parens patriae?

It is Latin for “parent of the nation“. In law, it refers to the public policy power of the state to intervene against an abusive or negligent parent, legal guardian, or informal caretaker, and to act as the parent of any child or individual who is in need of protection.

 

 

Latest News

get in touch with the best IAS Coaching in Lucknow