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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Ships Bill, 2019

Why in news?

The Recycling of Ships Bill, 2019 has become an Act. It became Act after it received the assent of President of India on 13th December, 2019.

More about

  • The government decided to bring this Act to provide for the regulation of recycling of ships by setting certain international standards and laying down the statutory mechanism for enforcement of such standards.
  • Accordingly, India has acceded to Hong Kong International Convention for Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, 2009 on 28th November, 2019.

Recycling of Ships Act, 2019

  • The Recycling of Ships Act, 2019 restricts and prohibits the use or installation of hazardous materials, which applies irrespective of whether a ship is meant for recycling or not.
  • For new ships, such restriction or prohibition on use of hazardous materials will be immediate, that is, from the date the legislation comes into force, while existing ships shall have a period of five years for compliance.
  • Restriction or prohibition on use of hazardous materials would not be applied to warships and non-commercial ships operated by Government.
  • Ships to be recycled in India shall be required to obtain a Ready for Recycling Certificate in accordance with the HKC.
  • The Act imposes a statutory duty on ship recyclers to ensure safe and environmentally sound removal and management of hazardous wastes from ships.

Significance

  • Accession to Hong Kong Convention by India and enactment of Recycling of Ships Act, 2019 will raise the profile of our ship recycling industry as being environment friendly and safety conscious and would go a long way in consolidating India’s position as the market leader.

National Institute of Nutrition (NIN)

Why in news?

Packaged foods breach safe limits of salt, fat: CSE study

More about the news :

  • A laboratory analysis by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has found that an array of packaged snacks and fast foods breach safe limits of salt and fat content.
  • To calculate how unsafe the foods tested were, the organisation relied on the concept of the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) — a daily ceiling on the amount of salt, fat, carbohydrates and Trans fats.
  • The RDA is based on scientific consensus and has been agreed upon by expert bodies such as the World Health Organisation, and the National Institute of Nutrition in India.

Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)

  • It says that, ideally, no more than 5 gm of salt, 60 gm of fat, 300 gm carbohydrate and 2.2 gm of Trans-fat should be consumed by an adult every day.
  • RDA from each breakfast, lunch and dinner should be no more than 25%, and that from snacks no more than 10%.

National institute of Nutrition (NIN):

  • It is an Indian Public health, Nutrition and Translational research center located in Hyderabad.
  • The institute is one of the oldest research centers in India, and the largest center, under the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
  • It was founded by Sir Robert McCarrison in the year 1918 as ‘Beri-Beri’ Enquiry Unit in a single room laboratory at the Pasteur Institute, Coonoor, Tamil Nadu.
  • Within a short span of seven years, this unit blossomed into a “Deficiency Disease Enquiry” and later in 1928, emerged as full-fledged “Nutrition Research Laboratories” (NRL) with McCarrison as its first Director.
  • It was later shifted to Hyderabad in 1958. In 1969, it was renamed as National Institute of Nutrition (NIN).

Objectives

  • Periodic Assessment of Nutrient intakes, Health and Nutrition status of the population for optimal health, and assist the Government and regulatory bodies in policy making.
  • Establishment of Dietary Reference Intake values, Recommended Dietary allowances, Dietary guidelines for Indian population; and assessment of Nutrient Composition of Foods.
  • Identify various nutrition deficiency disorders prevalent among different segments of the population.
  • Conduct operational research for planning and implementation of National Nutrition Programmes in the country.
  • Conduct surveys and study the risk factors of NCDs through multidisciplinary research.
  • Conduct innovative basic science Research on nutrient interactions, requirements, responses etc.
  • Identify and study food and environmental safety challenges for providing scientific input for policy and regulation
  • Development of human resource in nutrition and also provide evidence-based nutrition knowledge to the community.

 

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