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Daily Current Affairs – 2019

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Sentinelese Tribe – Common High Courts

13-09-19

Sentinelese Tribe :

Why in News? 

Almost nine months after American national John Allen Chau was allegedly killed by the Sentinelese on the North Sentinel Island of Andaman and Nicobar islands, a recent publication by the Anthropological Survey of India (AnSI) throws more light on the incident and also the ways of one of the most isolated tribes in the world.

About Sentinelese:

  • The Sentinelese, a negrito tribe who live on the North Sentinel Island of the Andamans, have not faced incursions and remain hostile to outsiders.
  • The inhabitants are connected to the Jarawa on the basis of physical, as well as linguistic similarities, researchers say.
  • Based on carbon dating of kitchen middens by the Anthropological Survey of India, Sentinelese presence was confirmed in the islands to 2,000 years ago. Genome studies indicate that the Andaman tribes could have been on the islands even 30,000 years ago.

Protection:

  • The Govt. of India issued the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Protection of Aboriginal Tribes) Regulation, 1956 to declare the traditional areas occupied by the tribes as reserves, and prohibited entry of all persons except those with authorisation. Photographing or filming the tribe members is also an offence.
  • The rules were amended later to enhance penalties. But restricted area permits were relaxed for some islands recently.

Outside Contact:

  • The Sentinelese have been fiercely hostile to outside contact. But in 1991 they accepted some coconuts from a team of Indian anthropologists and administrators.
  • Some researchers argue that the Sentinelese have been mostly left alone even from colonial times, unlike other tribes such as the Onges, Jarawas and Great Andamanese, because the land they occupy has little commercial attraction.

 

Common High Courts:

 About Common High Courts

  • The Union Territories of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh will have a common high court
  • 108 Central laws would be applicable for the two UTs while 164 State laws would be repealed and 166 State laws will continue to be applicable.

Constitutional Provisions regarding creation of Courts:

  • Article 214 of the Constitution provides that there shall be a High Court for each State

 

Sharing of Highcourts:

  • Bombay High Court – Shared by Daman and Diu, Goa, Maharashtra
  • Calcutta High Court – Andaman and Nicobar islands, West Bengal
  • Gauhati High Court – Arunachal, Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland
  • Madras High Court – Tamil Nadu and Puducherry
  • Kerala High Court – Lakshadweep and Kerala
  • Punjab and Haryana High Court in Chandigarh – Punjab and Haryana

 

 

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