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Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
18th November 2019
Why in news?
Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched SAANS, a campaign aimed at reducing child mortality due to pneumonia.
More about the news :
Campaign aimed at reducing child mortality due to pneumonia, which contributes to around 15% deaths annually of children under the age of five.
SAANS, short for ‘Social Awareness and Action to Neutralise Pneumonia Successfully’ was launched to mobilise people to protect children from pneumonia, and train health personnel and other stakeholders to provide prioritised treatment to control the disease.
Under the campaign, a child suffering from pneumonia can be treated with pre-referral dose of anti-biotic amoxicillin by ASHA workers, and health and wellness centres can use pulse oximeter (device to monitor oxygen saturation) to identify low oxygen levels in the blood of a child, and if required, treat him by use of oxygen cylinders.
Infectious agents may include bacteria, viruses and fungi.
Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in children.
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is the second most common cause of bacterial pneumonia.
Respiratory syncytial virus is the most common viral cause of pneumonia
Air sacs in an infected individual’s lungs (alveoli) become inflamed due to deposits of fluid and pus, making it painful and difficult for them to breathe.
Children and the elderly above the age of 65 years are especially vulnerable.
High fever and chills,
Cough with phlegm,
Physical weakness and a feeling of being unwell,
Shortness of breath and rapid breathing, and a racing pulse.
Preventive measures include maintaining hygiene and getting vaccinations against certain pneumonia causing bacteria.
Saving a child from pneumonia requires urgent treatment that usually involves the administration of antibiotics, which typically do not cost much. On average, treatment lasts for about five to seven days.
Agni II missile
Why in news?
First night trial of Agni II missile conducted successfully.
Agni II missile:
The Agni II is a medium to intermediate range missile developed by DRDO with a range of at least 2,000km.
The Agni II uses a solid propellant in its two stage flight.
It is the direct successor to the Agni.
Agni II – a surface-to-surface medium range nuclear capable missile.
The Agni II also has a navigation and guidance system that incorporates ground-based beacons to improve accuracy.
These beacons are the basis of multilateration navigation which broadcasts signals from known locations.
These signals allow measurements between the two locations.
Note – The first test firing of Agni II missile was done in 1999. In 2010, the first test fire of nuclear capable Agni II ballistic missile was conducted successfully.
Facts for Prelims
Sisseri River Bridge:
The Defence Minister inaugurated the Sisseri River Bridgelocated at lower Dibang Valley in Arunachal Pradesh.
The 200m long bridge provides connectivity between Dibang Valley and Siang.
The bridge was constructed by ‘Project Brahmank’ of Border Roads Organisation (BRO).
This bridge is strategically important from the military viewpoint and will be a part of Trans Arunachal Highway.