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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Russia set to offer submarines during Modi-Putin summit

Why in News?  Russia is likely to offer India its conventional submarines at the summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Vladimir Putin at Vladivostok.

About :

  • Modi is to visit Vladivostok to attend the Eastern Economic Forum as well as the annual bilateral summit with Russian President Vladimir Putin.
  • This is the 20th summit between the leaders of the two countries since the year 2000 when the mechanism was institutionalized.
  • The meeting between Modi and Putin will be their third this year—previously they met on the margins of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation meet in the Kyrgyz capital Bishkek and the G20 meet in Osaka.
  • The two countries are looking to get Indian investment into Russia’s Far East that borders China, a region rich in mineral resources.

Strengthening Defence:

  • The submarines will be offered on the government-to-government route under the Navy’s Project-75I at the summit.
  • This is expected to save a lot of time in the procurement process.
  • The Navy is looking to buy six advanced conventional diesel-electric submarines under Project 75I that, after several delays, has made progress in the past several months.
  • The procurement is under the Strategic Partnership (SP) model, and is the second project to be processed through this route after the Navy’s tender for utility helicopters.
  • The Russian submarine will likely be based on the Amur 1650 conventional submarine, modified to suit Indian requirements.



Topic: For Prelims

GI tag for T.N.’s Dindigul lock, Kandangi saree :

Why in News?  Dindigul lock and the Kandangi saree were given the GI tag by the Geographical Indications Registry in Chennai.

Dindigul Lock:

  • The famous Dindigul locks are known throughout the world for their superior quality and durability, so much so that even the city in Tamil Nadu is called Lock City.
  • The abundance of iron in this region is the reason for the growth of the lock-making industry.
  • Though machine-made locks are easily available, government institutions like prisons, godowns, hospitals and even temples use the older pattern locks.
  • These lock manufacturing units are limited to an area of 5 km in and around Dindigul.
  • There are over 50 varieties of locks made by the artisans using raw materials such as MS flat plates and brass plates procured from the nearby towns, including Madurai and Salem.

Kandangi saree:

  • The Kandangi saree, manufactured in Karaikudi taluk in Sivaganga district, Tamil Nadu.
  • The original Kandangi saree is manually made using a winding machine, loom, shuttle and bobbin.
  • It is a team effort of the families who live in the town of Karaikudi and it forms part of their livelihood.
  • These sarees are characterised by the large contrast borders, and some of them are known to have borders covering as much as two-thirds of the saree.
  • The sarees are usually around 5.10 meters – 5.60 meters in length.
  • The Kandangi sarees exude brilliant colours like bright yellow, orange, red and a minimal black in the traditional pattern of stripes or checks with broad borders woven in coarse cotton.
  • Over the years, more interesting colours have been introduced for the saree, which is worn in a particular manner.


Facts for Prelims:

  • Amur-1650 :

The Amur-class submarine (named for the Amur River), is one of the latest Russian submarine designs.

  • The Amur-1650 is larger and intended for longer missions. Sonar signatures of these submarines are several times lower than the older Kilo-class submarines.


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