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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Registration of political parties

G.S. Paper-II

Context:

As per Association For Democratic Reforms (ADR)’s latest report:

  1. The contribution reports of only 78 (3.39%) of the total 2,301 registered unrecognised political partiesare available in the public domain for 2018-19.
  2. The reports of only 82 such parties (3.56%) for 2017-18 are uploaded on the respective State Chief Electoral Officers’ websites.
  3. The number of these parties increased two-fold in the last 10 years, from 1,112 in 2010 to 2,301 in 2019.

What are unrecognised political parties?

Either newly registered parties or those which have not secured enough percentage of votes in Assembly or General Elections to become a State party or those which have never contested in elections since being registered are considered unrecognised parties. Such parties don’t enjoy all the benefits extended to the recognised parties.

Unrecognised political parties in India:

There are 2,360 political parties registered with the Election Commission of India and 2,301 or 97.50% of them are unrecognised.

Registration of political parties:

Registration of Political parties is governed by the provisions of Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.

  • A party seeking registration under the said Section with the Election Commission has to submit an application to the Commission within a period of 30 days following the date of its formation as per guidelines prescribed by the Election Commission of India in exercise of the powers conferred by Article 324 of the Commission of India and Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.

To be eligible for a ‘National Political Party of India:

  1. It secures at least six percent of the valid votes polled in any four or more states, at a general election to the House of the People or, to the State Legislative Assembly.
  2. In addition, it wins at least four seats in the House of the People from any State or States.
  3. It wins at least two percent seats in the House of the People (i.e., 11 seats in the existing House having 543 members), and these members are elected from at least three different States.

To be eligible for a ‘State Political Party:

  1. It secures at least six percent of the valid votes polled in the State at a general election, either to the House of the People or to the Legislative Assembly of the State concerned
  2. In addition, it wins at least two seats in the Legislative Assembly of the State concerned.
  3. It wins at least three percent (3%) of the total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of the State, or at least three seats in the Assembly, whichever is more.

Benefits:

  1. If a party is recognised as a State Party’, it is entitled for exclusive allotment of its reserved symbolto the candidates set up by it in the State in which it is so recognised, and if a party is recognised as a `National Party’ it is entitled for exclusive allotment of its reserved symbol to the candidates set up by it throughout India.
  2. Recognised `State’ and `National’ parties need only one proposer for filing the nominationand are also entitled for two sets of electoral rolls free of cost at the time of revision of rolls and their candidates get one copy of electoral roll free of cost during General Elections.
  3. They also get broadcast/telecast facilitiesover Akashvani/Doordarshan during general elections.

The travel expenses of star campaigners are not to be accounted for in the election expense accounts of candidates of their party.

FACTS FOR PRELIMS

Parivar Pehchan Patra (PPP) scheme

  1. It is Haryana’s unique identity card scheme.
  2. Any family with a Haryana residential address can enrol for the scheme.
  3. The family ID or PPP, an eight-digit alpha numeric ID, is provided to those who are residents of Haryana.
  4. A registration ID is provided to those who live in Haryana but have not completed residency requirements.
  5. As of now, over 110 services and schemes being delivered to citizens via the Saral platform have been linked to the PPP scheme.

 

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