Daily Current Affairs – 2020Topic: For Prelims and Mains
Recently India declared the UAE to be a Reciprocating Territory.
The Ministry of Law and Justice issued a Gazette Notification, declaring the United Arab Emirates to be a “reciprocating territory” under Section 44A of the Civil Procedure Code, 1908. The notification also declared a list of courts in the UAE to be “superior Courts” under the same section.
What is meant by a ‘reciprocating territory’ and what are superior courts?
“Superior Courts”, with reference to any such territory, means such Courts as may be specified in the said notification.”
Essentially, orders passed by certain designated courts from a ‘reciprocating territory’ can be implemented in India, by filing a copy of the decree concerned in a District Court here.
The courts so designated are called ‘superior Courts’.
Other countries declared to be “reciprocating territories” are:
United Kingdom, Singapore, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Trinidad & Tobago, New Zealand, the Cook Islands (including Niue) and the Trust Territories of Western Samoa, Hong Kong, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Aden.
The Prime Minister has recently congratulated Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for the successful flight of Hypersonic Test Demonstration Vehicle (HSTDV).
HSTDV: It is an unmanned scramjet demonstration aircraft for hypersonic speed flight.
Purpose: It is being developed as a carrier vehicle for hypersonic and long-range cruise missiles and will have multiple civilian applications including missiles of the future for air defence, surveillance besides in the development of energy-efficient, low cost and reusable satellite-launch vehicles.
Developed by: It has been developed by the Indian Defence Research and Development Organization(DRDO).
Ramjet: It is a form of air-breathing jet engine that uses the vehicle’s forward motion to compress incoming air for combustion without a rotating compressor.
Working: Fuel is injected in the combustion chamber where it mixes with the hot compressed air and ignites. A ramjet-powered vehicle requires an assisted take-off like a rocket assist to accelerate it to a speed where it begins to produce thrust.
Drawback: Ramjets work most efficiently at supersonic speeds around Mach 3 (three times the speed of sound) and can operate up to speeds of Mach 6. However, the ramjet efficiency starts to drop when the vehicle reaches hypersonic speeds.
Scramjet: It is an improvement over the ramjet engine as it efficiently operates at hypersonic speeds and allows supersonic combustion. Thus it is known as Supersonic Combustion Ramjet or Scramjet.
Noted broadcaster Sir David Attenborough to be presented with Indira Gandhi peace prize 2019.
The Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development was instituted in the memory of the former prime minister by a trust in her name in 1986.
It consists of a monetary award of Rs 25 lakh along with a citation
Eligibility: The award is given to individuals or organisations who work towards ensuring international peace and development, ensuring that scientific discoveries are used to further the scope of freedom and better humanity, and creating new international economic order.