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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Ratle Hydroelectric Project

Why in News?

The Union Cabinet has given its approval for 850 MegaWatt (MW) Ratle hydropower project on Chenab river in Jammu and Kashmir.

It is a run-of-the-river hydroelectric power station on the Chenab River.

What is Run-of-the-river hydroelectric systems?

Run-of-the-river hydroelectric systems are hydroelectric systems that harvest the energy from flowing water to generate electricity in the absence of a large dam and reservoir—which is how they differ from conventional impoundment hydroelectric facilities.

Key Points:

  • It includes a 133 m tall gravity dam and two power stations adjacent to one another.
  • The installed capacity of both power stations will be 850 MW.
  • Pakistan has frequently alleged that it violates the Indus Water Treaty, 1960.

About The Indus Waters Treaty:

  • The Indus Waters Treaty was signed in 1960 after nine years of negotiations between India and Pakistan with the help of the World Bank, which is also a signatory.
  • The area of the Indus River is spread over an area of about 11.2 lakh kilometers.
  • These areas are in Pakistan (47 percent), India (39 percent), China (8 percent) and Afghanistan (6 percent).

Facts for Prelims :

(Spices Board)

  1. The Spices Board is a body under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  2. It was formed under the Spices Board Act, 1986 by merging the Cardamom Board and the Spices Export Promotion Council in the year 1987.
  3. Spices Board is one of the five commodity boards functioning under the Ministry of Commerce.
  4. It is an autonomous body responsible for promotion of 52 notified spices and development of small and large cardamom.


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