Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)
Why in news?
Union HRD Minister has recently reviewed the preparations of Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan and Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti in New Delhi for its participation in PISA, 2021.
- The PISA is a competency-based test to assess the quality of education systems across the world.
- It assesses the learning levels of 15-year-old students in reading, mathematics, science, collaborative problem solving and money literacy.
- Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) conducts PISA every three years.
- It does not test a student’s memory and curriculum-based knowledge.
- PISA’s science test, , measures three competencies —
- A bility to explain scientific phenomena
- Scientific interpretation of data and evidence
- Ability to design and evaluate scientific query.
- Similarly, PISA defines reading as an individual’s capacity to understand, use and reflect on written information in a range of situations.
- India’s Participation – The country participated in 2009 test with 16,000 students from 400 schools in Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
- India was placed 72nd among the 74 participating countries.
- Indian government decided not to participate in 2012 and 2015 cycles.
- The decision was revisited in 2016 and HRD ministry approved the decision to participate in 2021 cycle.
The students of Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan, Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti and Union Territory of Chandigarh will represent India in this examination.
Facts for Prelims
- Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and his Uzbekistan counterpart presided over the Curtain Raiser of the first-ever India-Uzbekistan Joint Exercise – Dustlik-2019.
- The joint military exercise focused on counter-terrorism starts recently and will continue at Chirchiq Training Area near Tashkent.
- The exercise will enable sharing of best practices and experiences between the Armed Forces of the two countries and would lead to greater operational effectiveness.
- Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC):
It is designed to provide accurate position information service to users in India as well as the region extending up to 1500 km from its boundary, which is its primary service area.