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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Pradhan Mantri SVAMITVA Scheme

12th Oct 2020

Source:  PIB/the Hindu

Topics:  GS II (Pre & Main)

Why in News?

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched physical distribution of property cards under SVAMITVA scheme through video conferencing and interacted with the beneficiaries of the scheme.

Key Points of the Schemes:

  • The property cards being rolled out under the SVAMITVA scheme launched by the Prime Minister in April are physical copies of property titles of the villagers’ homes and the surrounding areas they own (as opposed to the cultivated land), which will be handed over to around 132,000 landowners during the event.
  • According to the PMO, the beneficiaries are from 763 villages including 346 from Uttar Pradesh, 221 from Haryana, 100 from Maharashtra, 44 from Madhya Pradesh, 50 from Uttarakhand and 2 from Karnataka.
  • Beneficiaries from all the states, except Maharashtra, will receive the physical copies of the property cards within one day and since the western state has a system of recovering the nominal cost of these cards, it will take a month’s time, it added.
  • The SVAMITVA scheme will cover 662,000 villages in a phased manner over a period of four years and the move will pave the way for using property as a financial asset by villagers for taking loans and other financial benefits, the statement said.
  • The PMO also hailed the exercise as the first such large-scale exercise, involving the most modern means of technology, that will benefit millions of rural property owners.

Benefits of the scheme:

  • The beneficiaries will have a right, a legal document of owning their houses.
  • The scheme helps in making rural India self-reliant.
  • The property card will clear the way to buy and sell property without any dispute for the villagers.
  • It will pay the way for the youths to start their own businesses.
  • With the new technology like using drones in mapping and survey, accurate land records of every village can be created.
  • Due to accurate land records, development related work in the village will also be easier which would be another benefit of these property cards.


The country has taken another major step towards an Atma Nirbhar Bharat, as the scheme is going to bring historical changes to the villages in the country.

It will empower the villages in manifolds.


Source:  PIB/the Hindu

Topics:  GS II – IR (Pre & Main)

Why in News?

The Minister of State (I/C) for Labour & Employment has recently  called for suitable global action especially by BRICs towards effecting a balance between labour and employer which will generate growth and create more jobs & greater labour welfare.

  • BRICS is an informal group of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (joined in 2010).
  • The BRICS leaders’ summit is convened annually.
  • BRICS does not exist in form of organization, but it is an annual summit between the supreme leaders of five nations.
  • The Chairmanship of the forum is rotated annually among the members, in accordance with the acronym B-R-I-C-S.
  • Together, BRICS accounts for about 42% of the world’s population and about 23% of the global GDP (Gross Domestic Product), and 17% of the world trade, making it a critical economic engine.
  • The five nations account for 50 per cent of the world economic growth, 27% of the world area and 13.24% of World Bank voting power.
  • Pitted as a counterweight to G7, the combine of developed economies, BRICS represents the world’s top emerging economies and claims to serve as a bridge between the developed and developing world

Brief History:

  • The acronym “BRICS” was initially formulated in 2001 by economist Jim O’Neill, of Goldman Sachs, in a report on growth prospects for the economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China – which together represented a significant share of the world’s production and population.
  •  In 2006, the four countries initiated a regular informal diplomatic coordination, with annual meetings of Foreign Ministers at the margins of the General Debate of the UN General Assembly (UNGA).
  • This successful interaction led to the decision that the dialogue was to be carried out at the level of Heads of State and Government in annual Summits.
  • The first BRIC Summit took place in 2009 in the Russian Federation and focused on issues such as reform of the global financial architecture.
  • South Africa was invited to join BRIC in December 2010, after which the group adopted the acronym BRICS. South Africa subsequently attended the Third BRICS Summit in Sanya, China, in March 2011.
  • 11th Summit was held in Brasila Brazil in 2019 and its theme was  ‘BRICS: Economic Growth for an Innovative Future’
  • 12th BRICS Summit will be held in Russia in 2020 under the slogan ‘Partnership for global stability, common security and innovative growth’.



Maru Mani:

It is a unique and innovative social media campaign.

  • Maru Mani” means Jewels of Desert.
  • Launched by Lok Samvad Sansthan, a Jaipur-based media advocacy organisation, in collaboration with Apeejay Institute of Mass Communication, New Delhi.
  • The campaign seeks to raise financial support for the famed musicians of desert districts of Rajasthan who are suffering severe hardships due to prolonged Corona crisis and accompanying lockdown (Particularly the Langa-Manganiyar folk artistes of western Rajasthan).
  • Garba:

Gujarat govt. bans garba during Navaratri.

About Garba:

  • It is a famous folk dance of Gujarat. Garba refers to “Garba deep” which is an earthen pot with holes.
  • It is a dance performed in a circular form by the village as well as urban women with rhythmic clapping.
  • It is performed during the occasion of Navaratri, Sharad Purnima, Vasant Panchami, Holi, and other festival occasions.


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