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Daily Current Affairs – 2019

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)

21st  November 2019

Ministry – Ministry of Women and Child Development

  • PMMVY is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Government for pregnant women and lactating mothers.
  • PMMVY is a direct benefit transfer (DBT) scheme under which cash benefits are provided to pregnant women in their bank account directly to meet enhanced nutritional needs and partially compensate for wage loss.

Implementation of the scheme:

  • PMMVY will be implemented using the platform of Anganwadi Services scheme of Umbrella ICDS under Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • It will be implemented through Health system in respect of States/ UTs where scheme will be implemented by Health & Family Welfare Department.
  • PMMVY shall be implemented through a centrally deployed Web Based MIS Software application and the focal point of implementation would be the Anganwadi Centre (AWC) and ASHA/ ANM workers.

The objectives of the scheme :

  • Providing partial compensation for the wage loss in terms of cash incentives so that the woman can take adequate rest before and after delivery of the first living child and
  • The cash incentives provided would lead to improved health seeking behavior amongst the Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers.

Beneficiaries:

  • The maternity benefits are available to all Pregnant Women & Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) except those in regular employment with the Central Government or State Government or Public Sector Undertaking or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law for the time being in force.
  • All eligible Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers who have their pregnancy on or after 01.2017 for first child in family.
  • A beneficiary is eligible to receive benefits under the scheme only once.
  • Under the ‘Scheme’, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) receive a cash benefit of Rs. 5,000 in three installments on fulfilling the respective conditionality.
  • They include early registration of pregnancy, ante-natal check-up and registration of the birth of the child and completion of first cycle of vaccination for the first living child of the family.
  • The eligible beneficiaries also receive cash incentive under JananiSuraksha Yojana (JSY), thus an average, a woman gets Rs. 6,000.

Funding of the Scheme:

  • The scheme is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme under which cost sharing ratio between the Centre and the States & UTs with Legislature is 60:40 while for North-Eastern States & three Himalayan States; it is 90:10.
  • It is 100% Central assistance for Union Territories without Legislature.

IMD World Talent Ranking Report

Why in news?

IMD World Talent Ranking Report released, India has slipped 6 places.

IMD World Talent Ranking;

  • It is released annually by International Institute for Management Development (IMD).
  • The ranking, which is based on the performance in three main categories — investment and developmentappeal and readiness.
  • Top in the list Switzerland.

About India:

  • India has slipped 6 places to 59 ranks on a global annual list of 63 countries due to low quality of life and expenditure on education.
  • BRICS countries: India is also lagging behind fellow BRICS countries – China ranked 42nd, Russia (47th) and South Africa (50th).
  • India also witnessed one of the sharpest declines among Asian economies owing to low quality of life, negative impact of brain drain, and the low priority of its economy on attracting and retaining talents.
  • The factors include expenditure on education (per student) and the quality of education which may be linked to the GDP growth.
  • The effectiveness of the health system and women’s participation in the labour force

Dam Rehabilitation Project

Why in news?

Waterman of India and Magsaysay Award winner Rajendra Singh has recently the Srisailam Dam needs repair protection and maintenance works urgently.

About the project:

  • The project was launched in 2012 by Central Water Commission (CWC) under Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (now Ministry of Jal Shakti) with assistance from World Bank. 
  • The project originally envisaged the rehabilitation and improvement of 223 dam projects in four states namely, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Tamil Nadu.
  • Later Karnataka, Uttarakhand (UJVNL) and Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) joined the DRIP.

Aims to:

  • Promote new technologies and improve Institutional capacities for dam safety evaluation and implementation at the Central and State levels and in some identified premier academic and research institutes of the country.

The objectives of DRIP:

  • To improve the safety and operational performance of selected existing dams and associated appurtenances in a sustainable manner, and
  • To strengthen the dam safety institutional setup of participating States / Implementing Agencies.

Funding and Implementation:

  • 80% of the total project is provided by the World Bank as loan/credit and remaining 20% is borne by the States / Central Government (for CWC).
  • The project implementation will be coordinated and supervised by the Central Dam Safety Organisation.

 

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