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Daily Current Affairs – 2019

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Population Control

25nd November 2019

Why in news?

The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), stated in the Lok Sabha about various steps taken by Government for population control.

More about:

As a result of these efforts, the country is knocking on the door of replacement level fertility and is on track to achieve TFR 2.1 by 2025.

Achievements:

  • The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) has declined to 2.2 (SRS 2017).
  • The Crude Birth Rate has declined from 23.8 to 20.2 from 2005 to 2017 (SRS).
  • The Teenage birth rate has halved from 16% (NFHS III) to 8% (NFHS IV).

Steps being taken by the government for population control:

  • Mission Parivar Vikas- the Government has launched Mission Parivar Vikas for substantially increasing access to contraceptives and family planning services in146 high fertility districts with Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 3 and above in seven high focus states.
  • Family Planning Logistic Management and Information System (FP-LMIS): dedicated software to ensure smooth forecasting, procurement and distribution of family planning commodities across all the levels of health facilities.
  • National Family Planning Indemnity Scheme (NFPIS) under which clients are insured in the eventualities of death, complication and failure following sterilization.
  • Ensuring quality of care in Family Planning services by establishing Quality Assurance Committees in all states and districts.
  • Improved Demand generation activities through a 360 degree media campaign.

Total Fertility Rate:

The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is a standard demographic indicator used internationally to estimate the average number of children that a woman would have over her childbearing years (i.e. age 15-49), based on current birth trends.

Private Member’s Bills

Why in news?

28 private member’s Bills introduced in Lok Sabha.

Who is a Private Member?

Any MP who is not a Minister is referred to as a private member.

 Admissibility of a private member’s Bill:

  • The admissibility is decided by the Chairman for Rajya Sabha and Speaker in the case of Lok Sabha.
  • The procedure is roughly the same for both Houses:
  • The Member must give at least a month’s notice before the Bill can be listed for introduction.
  • The House secretariat examines it for compliance with constitutional provisions and rules on legislation before listing.

Is there any exception?

  • While government Bills can be introduced and discussed on any day, private member’s Bills can be introduced and discussed only on Fridays.

 

 

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