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Poll Spend Limit

9th December-2019

Why in news?  

A Private Member’s bill was introduced in the Parliament which intends to do away with the cap on election spending by candidates.

  • The Bill has been introduced on the ground that the ceiling on election expenses ends up being counterproductive and encourages candidates to under-report their expenditure.
  • Also, the ceiling currently prescribed by the Election Commission of India (ECI) is meant for legitimate expenditure. A lot of money in elections is being spent for illegitimate purposes.

Current Scenario :

  • At present, under Rule 90 of the Conduct of Election Rules, 1961, a candidate contesting Lok Sabha polls can spend up to Rs 70 lakh and up to Rs 28 lakh in an assembly election depending on the state in which s/he is contesting polls.
  • Under Section 77 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, every candidate shall keep a separate and correct account of all expenditure incurred between the date on which he has been nominated and the date of declaration of the result.
  • All candidates are required to submit their expenditure statement to the ECI within 30 days of the completion of the elections.
  • An incorrect account or expenditure beyond the cap can lead to disqualification of the candidate by the ECI for up to three years, under Section 10A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.
  • There is no cap on a political party’s expenditure, which is often exploited by candidates of the party.
  • However, all registered political parties have to submit a statement of their election expenditure to the ECI within 90 days of the completion of the elections.


Topic: For Prelims and Mains

‘Red tourism’ :

Why in news?  

China has stepped up efforts to promote “red tourism” which features visits to sites with significance of revolutionary history of China.

  • The ‘Red tourism’ focuses on the historical heritage of the Chinese Communist Party for tourism development.

Significance of the glorification of the Chinese revolution are:

  • It aims to improve the education of the party’s revolutionary traditions, promote patriotism especially among youth, and stimulate economic development in revolutionary areas.
  • The elimination of rural poverty, along with promoting the legitimacy of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
  • At the heart of China’s flourishing red tourism is the Long March. It includes locations and the choreographed stories of how the founding father of Red China, Mao Zedong, and his comrades battled for the communist revolution in 1949.

Long March

  • The Long March was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China to evade the pursuit of the Kuomintang (KMT or Chinese Nationalist Party) army during the Chinese Civil War (1934-35).
  • There was not one Long March, but a series of marches, as various Communist armies in the south escaped to the north and west.
  • It was a key moment in the civil war, and also in the development of communism in China.
  • Mao Zedong emerged as the leader of communist forces from the long march. He led the communist to victory over the nationalists.



Facts for Prelims:

Sattriya dance:

  • Dance historian Dr. Sunil Kothari has recently been bestowed with the Madhabdev Award by the Government of Assam for popularising Sattriya dance.


  • Sattriya originated in Sattra, monastery, as a part of neo-Vaishnavite movement started by Srimanta Sankardev in Assam, in the 15th Century. He propagated the “ek sharan naama dharma” (chanting the name of one God devotedly).

 Classical Dance:    

  • Sattriya was given the status of a classical dance in the year 2000 by the Sangeet Natak Akademi.
  • Other classical dances of India are : Bharatnatyam (Tamil Nadu), Kathakali (Kerala), Kuchipudi (Andhra Pradesh), Kathak (North India), Mohiniyattam (Kerala), Manipuri (Manipur) and Odissi (Odisha).




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