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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Pinaka Rocket System

Why in News?

Enhanced PINAKA rocket, developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has been successfully flight tested from Integrated Test Range, Chandipur off the coast of Odisha today, 04 November 2020.

About Pinaka Missile

  • The Pinaka MK-II Rocket is modified as a missile by integrating with the Navigation, Control and Guidance System to improve the end accuracy and enhance the range.
  • The Navigation system of the missile is also aided by the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS).
  • The system has a maximum range of 40 km for Mark-I and 75 km for Mark-II
  • Pinaka is a multibarrel rocket launch (MBRL) system used by the Indian Army.
  • It was developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • Pinaka integrates state-of-the-art technologies for delivering superior combat performance.
  • Development of Pinaka commenced in 1986 at a Pune-based DRDO facility, known as Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE).
  • DRDO was responsible for the overall design and development.

Its versions and capabilities:

  • The Pinaka, which is primarily a multi-barrel rocket system (MBRL) system, can fire a salvo of 12 rockets over a period of 44 seconds.
  • One battery of the Pinaka system consists of six launch vehicles, accompanied by the loader systems, radar and links with network-based systems and a command post.
  • The Mark-I version of Pinaka has a range of around 40 kilometres and the Mark-II version can fire up to 75 kilometres.
  • The Mark-II version of the rocket has been modified as a guided missile system by integrating it with the navigation, control and guidance system to improve the end accuracy and increase the range.
  • The navigation system of the missile is linked with the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System.

Facts For Prelims :

Atmanirbhar Niveshak Mitra:

  • To be launched by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • The portal is being developed for handholding and facilitation, information dissemination, and facilitation of domestic investors.
  • It will give information about approvals, licenses, and clearances required for businesses.
  • It will also help investors connect to various stakeholders on single platform like Central Ministries, Industry Associations, State Departments.
  • This Project is under the “Invest India” agency which was set up in 2009 as a non-profit venture under the DPIIT.

Green Windows:

  • Green windows, like green banks, are public entities created to work with the private sector to increase investment in green energyand bring clean energy financing into the mainstream.
  • They are innovative and new tools that have been successful in the United Kingdom, Australia, Japan, Malaysia and the United States.
  • It is an initiative of Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA).

 

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