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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Phytorid Technology Sewage Treatment Plant

Why in News?

The ministry of Science & Technology, Earth Sciences has recently  Inaugurated the eco-friendly and efficient Phytorid Technology Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) at CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory (NCL)-Pune, developed by CSIR- National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur and CSIR-NCL.

Key Points:

  • The ministry called upon Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) scientists to scale up their sewage treatment technology and install it in all their campuses across the country.
  • It appreciated the Sewage treatment using Phytorid Technology by the CSIR scientists.
  • It was a natural treatment method by which treated water could be utilized for various purposes including for drinking.

About the Phytorid Water Treatment Technology:

Phytorid is a self sustainable technology for wastewater treatment that works on the principle of natural wetland.

  • It uses certain specific plants which can absorb nutrients directly from wastewater but do not require soil.
  • These plants act as nutrient sinker and remover.

 Advantage of Phytorid

  • No mechanical &  electrical machineries are involved so it costs low maintenance
  • Space saving technology
  • Decentralized system
  • Treated water quality meets discharge  & irrigation standards
  • It facilitates water reuse & recycling
  • They provide habitat for many organisms
  • It can be applied for preservation of lakes, river & marine ecosystem.

Fact for Prelims

Chardham Project:

  1. The project involves development and improvement of 889 km long national highways.
  2. This project will connect the routes leading to Badrinath Dham, Kedarnath Dham, Gangotri, Yamunotri and Kailash Mansarovar Yatra.


Environmentalists allege that the contractors deputed by the government for road construction as Chardham project are violating Supreme Court orders on road widening in hilly areas.


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