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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)

Why in news?

The 57-member Organisation for Islamic Cooperation (OIC) issued a statement of “concern”, criticising the government over the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, and the Babri Masjid verdict of the Supreme Court.

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC):

  • Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states.
  • It is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations.
  • The Organization is the collective voice of the Muslim world.
  • It endeavors to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony among various people of the world.
  • The OIC has  permanent  delegations  to  the  United Nations  and  the  European 
  • The official languages of the OIC are Arabic, English, and French.
  • Head Quarters-Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Islamic Summits are organized by OIC.
  • Few countries with significant Muslim populations, such as Russia and Thailand, sit as Observer States, while others, such as India and Ethiopia, are not members.

National Green Corps (NGC)

Why in news?

Launched under the Environment Education Awareness and Training (EEAT), the National Green Corps (NGC) popularly known as “a programme of Ecoclubs” is a nationwide initiative of the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India (now Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change).

Objectives:

  • To impart knowledge to school children, through hands-on experience, about their immediate environment, interactions within it and the problems therein.
  • To develop requisite skills of observation, experimentation, survey, recording, analysis and reasoning for conserving the environment through various activities.
  • To inculcate the proper attitude towards the environment and its conservation through community interactions.
  • To sensitize children to issues related to environment and development through field visits and demonstrations.
  • To promote logical and independent thinking among children so that they are able to make the right choices in a spirit of scientific inquiry.
  • To motivate and stimulate young minds by involving them in action projects related to environmental conservation.

Methodology:

  1. The scheme is being operated through Eco-clubs of 50-60 students having interest in environment related issues, formed in member schools.
  2. Eco clubs are supervised by a Teacher In-charge, who is selected from among the teachers of the member school.
  3. There is District Implementation and Monitoring Committee to supervise, organise training for In-charge teachers, and monitor periodically the implementation of scheme at the District level.
  4. There is a State Steering Committee for guidance, direction and to oversee the implementation of the scheme.
  5. The State Nodal Agency coordinates the implementation of the scheme in the State and organize related activities like training to Master Trainers.
  6. The National Steering Committee will give overall direction to the programme and ensure linkages at all levels.

 

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