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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Operation Sankalp

Why in news?

Press Brief on Operation Sankalp: Ministry of Defence

More about the operation Sankalp :

  • It was launched by the Indian Navy in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman as a measure to assure the safety and security of the Indian vessels.
  • The operation has been launched in the wake of escalating tension in the Gulf of Oman, where two oil tankers were attacked.
  • The operation is being progressed in close coordination with all stakeholders including Ministry of Defence, Ministry of External Affairs, Ministry of Shipping, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and DG, Shipping.

Persian Gulf :

  • It is also known as Arabian Gulf and is a shallow marginal sea of the Indian Ocean that lies between the Arabian Peninsula and the southwestern Iran.

It is bordered by-

  1. Iran
  2. Oman
  3. United Arab Emirates
  4. Qatar
  5. Bahrain
  6. Saudi Arabia
  7. Kuwait
  8. Iraq

The area has approximately two-thirds of the world’s estimated proven oil reserves and one-third of the world’s estimated proven natural gas reserves.

A considerable amount of sea trade passes through the gulf, leading to heavy traffic in the region.

Gulf of Oman :

  • The Gulf of Oman is a part of Arabian Sea, lies between the eastern portion of the Arabian Peninsula and Iran.
  • It connects with the Persian Gulf through the Strait of Hormuz.
  • It is a shipping route for the oil-producing area around the Persian Gulf.

It offers the only entrance from the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean into the Persian Gulf, thus the world’s major oil exporters and importers have a joint interest in its security.

Seke language

Why in news?

Seke means “golden language” which originated in the Mustang district of Nepal.

  • It is an unwritten language.
  • It is spoken in just five villages of Chuksang, Chaile, Gyakar, Tangbe, and Tetang, a region close to the border with Tibet.
  • There are just 700 or so Seke speakers left in the world.
  • The three reported dialects of Seke are Tangbe, Tetang, and Chuksang.
  • It is one of the endangered languages in the world.
  • According to the criteria adopted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), a language becomes extinct when nobody speaks or remembers the language. The UNESCO has categorized languages on basis of endangerment as follows:-
  1. Vulnerable
  2. Definitely Endangered
  3. Severely Endangered
  4. Critically Endangered
  5. UNESCO has recognised 42 Indian languages as Critically Endangered.


Degree,of Endangerment  Intergenerational Language Transmission
Safe Language is spoken by all generations; intergenerational transmission is uninterrupted.
Vulnerable Most children speak the language, but it may be restricted to certain domains.
Definitely endangered         . Children no longer learn the language as mother tongue in the home
Severely endangered Language is spoken by grandparents and older generations; while the parent generation may understand it, they do not speak it to children or among themselves.
Critically endangered The youngest speakers are grandparents and older, and they speak the language partially and infrequently.
Extinct There are no speakers left.


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