Daily Current Affairs – 2020Topic: For Prelims and Mains
2nd Nov 2019
The 14th edition of National Health Profile and its e-book (digital version) has been released by the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI).
Demographic indicators: population and vital statistics.
Socio-economic indicators: education, employment, housing and amenities, drinking water and sanitation.
Health status indicators: incidence and prevalence of common communicable and non-communicable diseases.
Health finance indicators: health insurance and expenditure on health.
Health of human resources: availability of manpower working in the health sector.
Health infrastructure: details of Medical and Dental Colleges, AYUSH Institutes, Nursing Courses and Paramedical Courses
As of 2017, India has registered birth rate of 20.2 per 1,000 population and death rate of 6.3 per 1,000 population while the natural growth rate was 13.9 per 1,000 population.
Demographics: It found the high incidence of the young and economically active population.
It reports that 27% of population below 14 years, 64.7% in the age group of 15-59 and 8.5% above 60 years.
Total Fertility Rate: TFR measures the number of children born to a woman at the end of childbearing age.
Infant Mortality Rate: The infant mortality rate is the number of deaths under one year of age occurring among the live births in a given geographical area during a given year per 1,000 live births.
Life Expectancy: Life expectancy refers to the number of years a person is expected to live based on the statistical average.
Birth Rate: The number of live births per thousand of population per year.
Death Rate: The number of deaths per year per thousand of population in a given community, area, or group.
Natural Growth Rate: It is the difference between the number of live births and the number of deaths occurring in a year, divided by the mid-year population of that year, multiplied by a factor (usually 1,000).
Why in news?
Govt. questions WhatsApp after spyware is used for snooping.
Spyware: Spyware is software that spies on you, tracking your internet activities in order to send advertising (Adware) back to your system.
Virus: A virus is a contagious program or code that attaches itself to another piece of software, and then reproduces itself when that software is run.
Spam: Spamming is a method of flooding the Internet with copies of the same message… These spam emails are very annoying as it keeps coming every day and keeps your mailbox full.
Worm: A program that replicates itself and destroys data and files on the computer. Worms work to eat the system operating files and data files until the drive is empty.
Trojan: A Trojan horse or Trojan is a type of malware that is often disguised as legitimate software. Trojans are written with the purpose of discovering your financial information, taking over your computer’s system resources, and in larger systems creating a “denial-of-service attack” which is making a machine or network resource unavailable to those attempting to reach it.
Backdoors: Backdoors are much the same as Trojans or worms, except that they open a “backdoor” on a computer, providing a network connection for hackers or other Malware to enter or for viruses or SPAM to be sent.
Rootkit: It is the hardest of all Malware to detect and therefore to remove. It is designed to permit the other information gathering Malware in to get the identity information from your computer without you realizing anything is going on.
Key loggers: It Records everything you type on your PC in order to glean your log-in names, passwords, and other sensitive information, and send it on to the source of the key logging program.