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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Nano fertilizer

Why in news?

Union Minister of Chemical and fertilizers mentioned about the efforts of IFFCO in taking initiative to develop a newer form of fertilizers like ‘nano fertilizer’.

What is Nanotechnology?

  • Nanotechnology is the study of manipulating matter on an atomic and molecular scale.
  • By and large nanotechnology deals with structures in the size range between 1 to 100 nm and involves developing materials or devices within that size.
  • At the nano-scale the matter presents altered properties which are novel and very different from those observed at macroscopic level.

What are nano fertilizers?

  • Nano fertilizers are the important tools in agriculture to improve crop growth, yield and quality parameters with increase nutrient use efficiency, reduce wastage of fertilizers and cost of cultivation.
  • Hence, nanotechnology has a high potential for achieving sustainable agriculture, especially in developing countries.

Background:

  • World agricultural cropping systems intensively using large amount of fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides to achieve more production per unit area.
  • But the over usage of these chemicals and fertilizers leads to several problems like environment pollution (soil, water, air pollution), low input use efficiency, decrease quality of food material, develop resistance in different weeds, diseases, insects, less income from the production, soil degradation, toxicity to different beneficial living organism present above and below the soil surface etc.
  • For solving these problems in crop production nano-fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides may effective tools in agriculture for better pest and nutrient management because these nano-materials having more penetration capacity, surface area and use efficiency which avoid residues in environment.
  • Nano-fertilizers will also help in reducing subsidy burden of the Governments.

Properties of nano-particle :

  • Large proportion of surface atoms – Smaller particles allow better coverage of surface area.
  • Nano sized particles can even pass through the cell wall in plants and animals.

North East Agri-Horticulture and Economic Development Project :

Why in news?

The information regarding North East Agri-Horticulture and Economic Development Project was provided by the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER) DrJitendra Singh in written reply to a question in LokSabha.

More about :

  • MDONER has decided to restructure the two livelihood programmes of MDoNER i.e. NERLP and NERCORMP by merging them into one and rename the new project as ‘North East Agri-Horticulture and Economic Development Project’.

North East Rural Livelihood Project (NERLP) :

  • It is a World Bank aided project launched in 2012, was implemented by Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (MDoNER)
  • It aims to improve rural livelihoods especially that of women, unemployed youth and the most disadvantaged people by building community based organizations and developing partnership with Government and other institutions for knowledge, skill, credit, insurance, and market.
  • The project covered 1,645 villages of 4 states of Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.
  • The Project has concluded on 30.09.2019 and is running on an extended time upto 31.12.2019.

North Eastern Region Community Resource Management Project (NERCORMP)

  • Ministry of Rural Development has extended its Scheme, DAY-NRLM (DeenDayalAntyodayaYojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission), to all the blocks in all the districts of the North East Region with focus on:
  • Community mobilization
  • Institution building
  • Livelihood financing.

NERCORMP is scheduled for completion on 31st March, 2020

Facts for Prelims

Meteor missiles:

  • India has requested for an early delivery of Meteor air-to-air missiles from France.

Key facts:

  • They are beyond-visual-range air-to-air missiles.
  • Have a range of 150 km and no escape zone of 60 km.

 

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