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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

‘Mo Sarkar’ initiative

3rd October 2019

Why in news?       

disha has launched a new governance initiative- ‘Mo Sarkar’- on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti

 What is it?

  1. The ‘Mo Sarkar’ was launched at all police stations across the State along with 21 district headquarters hospitals and three government-run medical college hospitals at Cuttack, Berhampur and Sambalpur.
  2. The programme will be effective at all the 30 district headquarters hospitals of the State by October 30.
  3. The objective of the programme is to provide service with dignity to people who are coming to government offices for different purposes.

 How it works?

  • The phone numbers of people who are coming to government offices will be collected randomly with the purpose to improve the governance system by collecting feedback on behaviour and professionalism of government officers.
  • The Chief Minister, Departmental Minister, Director General of Police (in case of police stations) and Departmental Minister, Secretary and Director (in case of hospitals) will call on random numbers to collect feedback.

The employees will be ranked as good or bad on the basis of the feedback and those with good rank will get out-of-turn promotion and action will be taken against employees with bad rank.


Village Secretariat system

Why in news?       

Village Secretariat system launched in Andhra Pradesh.

Key facts:

  1. Under the new system, the AP government, one Village Secretariat has been set up for every population of 2,000, with each one comprising close to a dozen village officials (from different departments like police, revenue, etc).
  2. The idea behind it, according to the state government, is to ensure that its services reach people on the ground, and also to strengthen the existing Panchayat Raj system.
  3. Village Secretariats would act as a bridge between the government and the people by rendering over 500 types of services at their doorstep.
  4. These institutions would showcase government programmes and make pictorial representations of government schools and hospitals under the caption ‘then and now’ to show how reforms have changed their functioning.


  • While the ruling YSR Congress Party (YSRCP) has maintained that this will make government services more accessible, the system, however, is in complete contrast to the earlier trajectory of the state, which had been pushing for e-governance or online services instead under former chief minister N. Chandrababu Naidu.


IMD’s methods

Why in news?

While India this year may have recorded its highest monsoon rain in 25 years, an analysis suggests that new monsoon models, called the Monsoon Mission Coupled Forecast Model (CFS), deployed by the IMD over the last decade don’t do better than the older ones in long-range forecasting.

About :

  • This year, India ended up with 10% more monsoon rain (or 110% of the long period average LPA of 887 mm) than usual.
  • However, none of the agency’s models tuned to capture long term forecast trends warned of this. The IMD’s workhorse statistical models said in its last update on August 1 that All India Monsoon Rainfall (June-September) would be 96% of the LPA.
  • The CFS model in April said the monsoon would be 94% of the normal and updated to 99% in August.

India Meteorological Department (IMD) :

  • The IMD is the national meteorological service of the country and it is the chief government agency dealing in everything related to meteorology, seismology and associated subjects. It was formed in 1875.
  • Currently, the Director General of Meteorology (DGM) of the IMD is Dr. K J Ramesh.
  • The IMD is under the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India.

The current minister in charge is Dr. Harsh Vardhan, who is the Union Minister for the Earth Sciences Ministry and the Science and Technology Ministry.


Facts for Prelims

Lassa fever :

  • Scientists have successfully developed a model that can predict the outbreak of diseases that spread from animals to humans such as Ebola and Zika — based on changes in climate, population growth and land use.
  • More than 60 per cent of emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic and although Ebola and Zika are well-known, there are many other diseases including Rift Valley fever and Lassa fever which affect thousands already and are predicted to spread with changing environmental factors.

About the Lassa fever :

  • Lassa fever is endemic across West Africa and is caused by Lassa virus passing to people from rats. The model predicts the number of people with the disease will double from 195,125 to 406,725 by 2070 due to climate change and a growing human population.
  • Like Ebola virus, Lassa virus causes hemorrhagic fever and can be fatal. The number of people is affected by Lassa fever each year is unclear as many do not have severe symptoms and those that do are often misdiagnosed with malaria.
  • Current estimates range from 100,000 to one million.

 Maitree – 2019

  • It is the joint military exercise between India and Thailand.
  • It was recently conducted in Meghalaya.
  • Its scope encompassed joint training in various facets of counter terrorism operations in urban and jungle environments.


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