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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Mahakavi Bharathiar

Why in news? 

PM Modi pays tributes to ‘Mahakavi’ Bharathiar on his birth anniversary.

Subramaniya Bharathi

  • He was born on 11th December 1882, in Ettayapuram village of Tirunelveli District in Tamil Nadu.
  • He was a poet, freedom fighter and social reformer from Tamil Nadu.
  • He was known as Mahakavi Bharathiyar and his songs on nationalism and freedom of India helped to rally the masses to support the Indian Independence Movement in Tamil Nadu.
  • His poems are: Kannan Pattu, Nilavum Vanminum Katrum, Panchali Sabatam and Kuyil Pattu and Sudesa Geethangal.
  • In order to proclaim its revolutionary ardour, Bharathi had the weekly newspaper named ‘India’ printed in red paper.
  • It was the first paper in Tamil Nadu to publish political cartoons.
  • He also published and edited a few other journals like ‘Vijaya’.
  • He attended the annual sessions of Indian National Congress and discussed national issues with extremist leaders like Bipin Chandra Pal, B.G. Tilak and V.V.S. Iyer.
  • He had participated in Benaras Session (1905) and Surat Session (1907) of the Indian National Congress

Facts for Prelims

Shore temple:

  • The shoreline on the northern side of the Shore temple in Mamallapuram, Tamil Nadu is facing severe sea erosion.
  • Shore Temple is one among a number of Hindu monuments at Mamallapuram (Mahabalipuram), on the Coromandel Coast of Tamil Nadu.
  • It is considered the finest early example of medieval southern Indian temple architecture.
  • It was built probably in the reign of Narasimhavarman II, also known as Rajasimha (Pallava ruler) who reigned from 700 to 728 CE.
  • It has two shrines, one dedicated to Shiva and the other to Vishnu.
  • The Mamallapuram monuments and temples, including the Shore Temple complex, were collectively designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1984.

Papikonda National Park :

  • The Forest Department and experts from Kerala and northeastern States will begin the maiden survey of butterfly species in the Papikonda National Park (PNP).
  • The PNP spreads over 1012.86 square kilometres in East and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh.
  • It has historically experienced varying levels of protection, beginning as a reserved forest in 1882, a wildlife sanctuary in 1978, and as a national park from 2008.
  • The park lies on the left and right banks of the river Godavari and cuts through the Papikonda hill range of Eastern Ghats.
  • The River Godavari enriches the Papikonda Park with its natural beauty.
  • The majority of the area of the park is covered with moist deciduous forest and includes animal species such as tigers, mouse deer, gaur etc.


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