Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
Why in news?
PM Modi pays tributes to ‘Mahakavi’ Bharathiar on his birth anniversary.
- He was born on 11th December 1882, in Ettayapuram village of Tirunelveli District in Tamil Nadu.
- He was a poet, freedom fighter and social reformer from Tamil Nadu.
- He was known as Mahakavi Bharathiyar and his songs on nationalism and freedom of India helped to rally the masses to support the Indian Independence Movement in Tamil Nadu.
- His poems are: Kannan Pattu, Nilavum Vanminum Katrum, Panchali Sabatam and Kuyil Pattu and Sudesa Geethangal.
- In order to proclaim its revolutionary ardour, Bharathi had the weekly newspaper named ‘India’ printed in red paper.
- It was the first paper in Tamil Nadu to publish political cartoons.
- He also published and edited a few other journals like ‘Vijaya’.
- He attended the annual sessions of Indian National Congress and discussed national issues with extremist leaders like Bipin Chandra Pal, B.G. Tilak and V.V.S. Iyer.
- He had participated in Benaras Session (1905) and Surat Session (1907) of the Indian National Congress
Facts for Prelims
- The shoreline on the northern side of the Shore temple in Mamallapuram, Tamil Nadu is facing severe sea erosion.
- Shore Temple is one among a number of Hindu monuments at Mamallapuram (Mahabalipuram), on the Coromandel Coast of Tamil Nadu.
- It is considered the finest early example of medieval southern Indian temple architecture.
- It was built probably in the reign of Narasimhavarman II, also known as Rajasimha (Pallava ruler) who reigned from 700 to 728 CE.
- It has two shrines, one dedicated to Shiva and the other to Vishnu.
- The Mamallapuram monuments and temples, including the Shore Temple complex, were collectively designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1984.
Papikonda National Park :
- The Forest Department and experts from Kerala and northeastern States will begin the maiden survey of butterfly species in the Papikonda National Park (PNP).
- The PNP spreads over 1012.86 square kilometres in East and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh.
- It has historically experienced varying levels of protection, beginning as a reserved forest in 1882, a wildlife sanctuary in 1978, and as a national park from 2008.
- The park lies on the left and right banks of the river Godavari and cuts through the Papikonda hill range of Eastern Ghats.
- The River Godavari enriches the Papikonda Park with its natural beauty.
- The majority of the area of the park is covered with moist deciduous forest and includes animal species such as tigers, mouse deer, gaur etc.