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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Mahadayi Tribunal’s Award

Why in News?

The Supreme Court has recently passed an interim order allowing an application by the State of Karnataka to notify the Mahadayi Water Dispute Tribunal’s award.

What has the Court said?

The implementation of the award would be subject to the final judgment of the Supreme Court in the civil appeals filed by Karnataka, Goa, and Maharashtra, challenging the allocation of water from the Mahadayi river among them.

What was the tribunal award?

  1. August 2018 tribunal award had allocated 13.42 TMC water from the Mahadayi river basin to Karnataka.
  2. Maharashtra was allotted 1.33 TMC water while Goa was given 24 TMC in the final decision of the tribunal.

The Karnataka government had petitioned the tribunal seeking the release of 7.56 TMC of water for the Kalasa-Banduri Nala project.

 What is Kalasa-Banduri Nala project?

Undertaken by the Government of Karnataka to improve drinking water supply to the Districts of Belagavi, Dharwad and Gadag. 

It involves building across Kalasa and Banduri, two tributaries of the Mahadayi river to divert 7.56 TMC of water to the Malaprabha River.

About Mahadayi river:

1.    It is a west flowing river.

2.   Origin: Degaon village, Belgaum district.

3.   Called Mandovi in Goa.

4.   Travels 35 km in Karnataka; 82 km in Goa before joining the Arabian Sea.

What’s the dispute?

Goa raised objection to Kalasa-Banduri project planned in 1989. Goa filed a complaint seeking setting up of a tribunal in July 2002. Goa moved the Supreme Court in 2006 seeking the constitution of a tribunal. The Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal was set up in November 2010.

Appendix I

 Why in News?

The Great Indian Bustard, Asian Elephant and Bengal Florican have been included in Appendix I of UN Convention on Migratory Species. 

This was done at the ongoing 13th Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) in Gandhinagar (Gujarat).

About Asian Elephant:

Found in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Myanmar.

IUCN status: Endangered. It is also listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

About Great Indian Bustard:

It is one of the heaviest flying birds in the world. Its largest populations are found in the Indian state of Rajasthan. 

State bird of Rajasthan. It is listed as ‘Critically Endangered’ on the IUCN Red List. It is also listed in Appendix I of CITES and Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 About Bengal Floridian:

In India it is found in Uttar Pradesh, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. It has been listed as ‘Critically Endangered’ on the IUCN Red List. The bird is listed under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act of India, 1972 and Appendix I of CITES.

Facts for Prelims

Stockholm Declaration:

Stockholm Declaration was adapted in 3rd Global Ministerial Conference on Road Safety held recently.

  • The global character of the road safety challenge calls for international cooperation and partnerships across many sectors of society.
  • The Stockholm Declaration was prepared in close collaboration with the conference’s steering group.
  • Building on the Moscow Declaration of 2009 ( first global conference on road safety) and the Brasilia Declaration of 2015 ( 2nd Global conference on road safety) , UN General Assembly and World Health Assembly resolutions, the Stockholm Declaration is ambitious and forward-looking and connects road safety to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Vision Zero approach:

The Global Ministerial Conference on Road Safety 2020 recently embraced Vision Zero approach.

  • The basic stand point for Vision Zero is that no one should be killed or suffers lifelong injury in road traffic.
  • The concept of Vision Zero was decided by the Swedish Parliament in 1997, it turned the traditional view of road safety work upside down.
  • In short, creating a comprehensive and safe environment to ensure road safety is the essence of Vision Zero.
  • The Vision Zero elaborates that the main problem is not that accidents occur – it is instead whether the accidents lead to death or lifelong injury.
  • Vision Zero stresses that the road transport system is an entity, in which different components such as roads, vehicles and road users must be made to interact with each other so that safety can be guaranteed.

 

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