Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
Lucknow and Noida to Get Police Commissioner System
Why in news?
Recently, the Uttar Pradesh government gave nod to the implementation of the police commissionerate system in the two cities, Lucknow and Noida.
- The Additional Director General of Police rank officer would be appointed as commissioner and will have two Inspector General of Police Rank officers as deputies.
- The current system would be monitored for six-months on a review basis to know its effectiveness in handling law and order better and the earlier system of District Magistrates (DMs) would be done away on an experimental basis.
Key Points :
- Apart from these, the new team would also have a special Superintendent of Police (SP) appointed for women security to ensure control of crime related to women and timely investigation of the registered cases.
- Also, there would be another SP rank officer who would be in charge of Traffic management. CCTV cameras would be installed at different places in these two cities for better traffic management and also for law and order.
Police Commissionerate System :
Under the 7th Schedule of the Constitution, Police is under the State list. It means individual states can legislate and exercise control over this subject.
- At the district level, a ‘dual system’ of control exists, in which the SP has to work with the DM for supervising police administration.
At the metropolitan level, many states have replaced the dual system with the commissionerate system, as it is supposed to allow for faster decision-making to solve complex urban-centric issues.
- Almost all states barring Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, UT of J&K, and some Northeastern states have a commissioner ate system.
- The British brought the system first in Kolkata and followed it in Mumbai and Chennai Delhi turned into a commissionerate during 1977-1979.
In the commissionerate system, the Commissioner of Police (CP) is the head of a unified police command structure.
- He/she is responsible for the force in the city and is accountable to the state government.
- The office also has magisterial powers, including those related to regulation, control, and licensing.
- Under this system, the commissioner does not report to the DM.
CP is drawn from the Deputy Inspector General rank or above and is assisted by Special/Joint/Additional/Deputy Commissioners.
Dual System :
- Under the colonial system, the overall in-charge of a district or region was the district collector and the SP reported to him.
- The powers of the executive magistrate, such as issuing orders for preventive arrests or imposition of Section 144 CrPC, were vested in the district collector.
- This was called the dual system of police administration.
Annual Day of CARA
Why in news?
Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) has celebrated its 5th Annual Day recently.
- CARA has conducted various training programmes and workshops at national and state levels for all the stakeholders of the adoption programme.
- It has also carried out a number of advocacy programs through various mediums for creating awareness and sensitization of the general public.
- It is giving emphasis to the rehabilitation of older and special needs children in various Child Care Institutions across the country.
Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) :
- Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) has been set up as a statutory body of the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
- It functions as a nodal body for the adoption of Indian children and is mandated to monitor and regulate in-country and inter-country adoption.
- CARA is designated as the Central Authority to deal with inter-country adoptions in accordance with the provisions of the Hague Conventions on Inter-Country Adoptions, 1993, ratified by the Government of India in 2003.
- CARA primarily deals with adoption of orphan, abandoned and surrendered children through its associated /recognised adoption agencies.
Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction
- Hague Convention is a multilateral treaty which came into existence on 1st December 1983.
- It is an international treaty to ensure the prompt return of the child who has been “abducted” from the country of their “habitual residence”.
- The Convention applies to children age under 16 years.
Fact For Prelims
Yada Yada virus:
- Detected recently in Australian mosquitoes.
What is it?
- It belonged to a group that includes other alphaviruses such as chikungunya virus and the astern equine encephalitis.
- Even so, the novel virus poses no threat to human beings, because it is a part of a group of viruses that only infect mosquitoes.
- Other viruses in the same group include the Tai forest alphavirus and the Agua Salud alphavirus.