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Daily Current Affairs – 2020

Topic: For Prelims and Mains

Line Permit (ILP) System

Why in news?

Meghalaya has brought an ordinance that makes registration on entry mandatory for visitors who intend to spend more than 24 hours in the state.

About :

  • An amendment to the Meghalaya Residents Safety and Security Act, 2016 has been passed to include this provision amid demands for an inner line permit (ILP) system to stop illegal immigration into the state.
  • The amendment comes in the backdrop of demands by civil society and political leaders that people excluded from the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam might try to enter Meghalaya.

Meghalaya Residents Safety and Security Act (MRSSA)-2016 :

  • It aims to ensure the security of the tenants as well as the safety and security of the citizens of the state.
  • It provides for verification and regulation the tenants residing in rented houses in the state.
  • It also establishes District Task Force and Facilitation Centers for effective enforcement of various laws for the safety and security of the citizens.

Line Permit (ILP) System :

  • It is an official travel document required by Indian citizens residing outside certain protected states while entering them.
  • The ILP is issued by the Government of India and is obligatory for all those who reside outside the protected states.
  • By the ILP, government aims to regulate movement to certain areas located near the international border of India.
  • Currently, the Inner Line Permit is operational in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland.

Danakil Depression

Why in news?

A new study says that active and naturally occurring life cannot be sustained at Danakil.

  • It identifies two barriers: magnesium-dominated brines that cause cells to break down; and an environment having simultaneously very low pH and high salt,
  • A combination that makes adaptation highly difficult.

Where is Danakil?

  • The Danakil Depression in northeastern Ethiopia is one of the world’s hottest places, as well as one of its lowest, at 100 metres below sea level.
  • At the northern end of the Great Rift Valley, and separated by live volcanoes from the Red Sea, the plain was formed by the evaporation of an inland water body.
  • All the water entering Danakil evaporates, and no streams flow out from its extreme environment. It is covered with more than 10 lakh tonnes of salt.

Facts for Prelims

JCB Prize Madhuri Vijay:

Madhuri Vijay won the 2019 JCB Prize for Literature for her novel The Far Field.

JCB Prize:

  • JCB Prize for Literature award established in 2018. It is an Indian literary award.
  • Prize money of Rs.25 lakh is awarded to a distinguished work of fiction by an Indian writer working in English or translated fiction by an Indian writer.
  • The Director of the literary award is Rana Dasgupta. The winners are announced every November.

SRSS-1 :

  • Sudan has launched its first-ever satellite, The Sudan Remote Sensing Satellite (SRSS-1) , in cooperation with China,
  • It was launched recently from the northern Chinese province of Shanxi.

About the SRSS 1 (Sudan Remote Sensing Satellite) :

  • SRSS 1 (Sudan Remote Sensing Satellite) is a 50-100 kg class satellite developed by the Chinese Shenzhen DFH HIT for Sudan.
  • Sudan’s first-ever satellite is to carry out research in military, economic and space technology.
  • The satellite aims to develop research in space technology, acquire data as well as discover natural resources for the country’s military needs.
  • The satellite was launched in November 2019 as a co-passenger on a CZ-4B rocket.


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