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Daily Current Affairs – 2020
Topic: For Prelims and Mains
Kerala’s Red List
Why in news?
Hairy spider Tarantula, found in parts of Kerala, is being traded as a pet and such species are also traded in international markets.
In order to control the above activities, the Kerala State Biodiversity Board has decided to prepare state-specific conservation data of such species to regulate their illegal trade and the undeclared / illegal exploitation of some medicinal plants.
Species experts have aimed to produce an interim list on regional-level data of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish by the end of January.
This list will also provide information about the conservation status of molluscs found in land and water, including fishes, odonates, spiders, freshwater crabs.
It is noteworthy that under the Biodiversity Act 2002, the National Biodiversity Authority was also established in the year 2003 with its headquarters in Chennai.
IUCN is a global authority to protect the natural state of the world, which was established in the year 1948.
IUCN is a consortium consisting of both governments and civil society. Its headquarters are located in
The International Nature Conservation Association IUCN’s Red List is a list of species facing threat of extinction.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) publishes the Red List based on information obtained from a network of various conservation organizations around the world, which shows the most threatened species in the world.
According to the IUCN, different types of species have been categorized based on the impending crisis or their availability, which are as follows:
Extinct in the forest
In grave danger
Facts for Prelims
There have been at least six proven cases of Shigella infection and 20 other suspected cases in Kozhikode district of Kerala, most of them victims.
Shigella infection is also called shigellosis. It is a type of intestinal infection caused by bacteria called Shigella.
Symptoms: The main symptom of Shigella infection is diarrhea, which is often bloody.
Shigellosis is one of the leading causes of diarrhea in India. In addition, the infected person has fever and abdominal pain.